A. Change in circumstances
(1) A "change in circumstances" includes any change that results in the addition of information relevant to a person's status or otherwise conflicts with such person's status. In addition, a change in circumstances includes any change or addition of information to the Account Holder's account (including the addition, substitution, or other change of an Account Holder) or any change or addition of information to any account associated with such account (applying the account aggregation rules described in subparagraphs C(1) through (3) of Part 7
) if such change or addition of information affects the status of the Account Holder.
(2) If a Reporting Financial Institution has relied on the residence address test described in subparagraph B(1) of Part 3
and there is a change in circumstances that causes the Reporting Financial Institution to know or have reason to know that the original Documentary Evidence (or other equivalent documentation) is incorrect or unreliable, the Reporting Financial Institution must, by the later of the last day of the relevant calendar year, or 90 calendar days following the notice or discovery of such change in circumstances, obtain a self-certification and new Documentary Evidence to establish the residence(s) for tax purposes of the Account Holder. If the Reporting Financial Institution cannot obtain the self-certification and new Documentary Evidence by such date, the Reporting Financial Institution must “treat the Account Holder as resident of the jurisdiction in which the Account Holder claimed to be resident in the original self-certificate and the jurisdiction in which the Account Holder may be resident as a result of the change in circumstances.
B. Self-certification for New Entity Accounts
(1) With respect to New Entity Accounts, for the purposes of determining whether a Controlling Person of a Passive NFE is a Reportable Person, a Reporting Financial Institution may only rely on a self-certification from either the Account Holder or the Controlling Person.
C. Residence of a Financial Institution
(1) A Financial Institution is "resident" in a Participating Jurisdiction if it is subject to the jurisdiction of such Participating Jurisdiction in that the Participating Jurisdiction is able to enforce reporting by the Financial Institution).
(2) In the case of a trust that is a Financial Institution (irrespective of whether it is resident for tax purposes in a Participating Jurisdiction), the trust is considered to be subject to the jurisdiction of a Participating Jurisdiction if one or more of its trustees are resident in such jurisdiction except if the trust reports all the information required to be reported under these Regulations with respect to Reportable Accounts maintained by the trust to another Participating Jurisdiction because it is resident for tax purposes in such other jurisdiction.
(3) Where a Financial Institution (other than a trust) does not have a residence for tax purposes (for example, because it is treated as fiscally transparent, or it is located in a jurisdiction that does not have an income tax), it is considered to be subject to the jurisdiction of a Participating Jurisdiction and it is, thus, a Participating ADGM Financial Institution if:
(a) it is incorporated under the laws of the Participating Jurisdiction;
(b) it has its place of management (including effective management) in the Participating Jurisdiction; or
(c) it is subject to financial supervision in the Participating Jurisdiction.
(4) Where a Financial Institution (other than a trust) is resident in two or more Participating Jurisdiction, such Financial Institution will be subject to the reporting and due diligence obligations of the Participating Jurisdiction in which it maintains the Financial Account(s).
D. Account maintained
(1) In general, an account would be considered to be maintained by a Financial Institution as follows:
(a) in the case of a Custodial Account, by the Financial Institution that holds custody over the assets in the account (including a Financial Institution that holds assets in street name for an Account Holder in such institution);
(b) in the case of a Depository Account, by the Financial Institution that is obligated to make payments with respect to the account (excluding an agent of a Financial Institution regardless of whether such agent is a Financial Institution);
(c) in the case of any Equity Interest or debt interest in a Financial Institution that constitutes a Financial Account, by such Financial Institution;
(d) in the case of a Cash Value Insurance Contract or an Annuity Contract, by the Financial Institution that is obligated to make payments with respect to the contract.
E. Trusts that are Passive NFEs
(1) For the purpose of subparagraph D(3) of Part 8
, a legal person or a legal arrangement is considered "similar" to a partnership and a limited liability partnership where it is not treated as a taxable unit in a Participating Jurisdiction under the tax laws of such jurisdiction. However, in order to avoid duplicate reporting (given the wide scope of the term "Controlling Persons" in the case of trusts), a Entities that is a Passive NFE may not be considered a similar legal arrangement.
F. Address of Entity's principal office
(1) One of the requirements described in subparagraph E(6)(c) of Part 8
is that, with respect to an Entity, the official documentation includes either the address of the Entity's principal office in a jurisdiction in which it claims to be a resident or a jurisdiction in which the Entity was incorporated or organised. The address of the Entity's principal office is generally the place in which its place of effective management is situated.
(2) The address of a Financial Institution with which the Entity maintains an account, a post office box, or an address used solely for mailing purposes is not the address of the Entity's principal office unless such address is the only address used by the Entity and appears as the Entity's registered address in the Entity's organisational documents.
(3) An address that is provided subject to instructions to hold all mail to that address is not the address of the Entity's principal office.
NON-REPORTING FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
For the purposes of the Standard, the following are non-reporting financial institutions:
For the purposes of subparagraph C(17)(g) of Part 8 of Schedule 1 of these Regulations the following are excluded accounts:
For the purposes of these Regulations, the list of Participating Jurisdictions, which may be revised from time to time, is published on the homepage of the UAE Competent Authority.