167. Interpretation

(1) In this Chapter, except where the context otherwise requires —
(a) "appeal includes any proceedings seeking the discharge or setting aside of a judgment, an application for a new trial or a stay of execution;
(b) "applicable treaty" means a treaty between the United Arab Emirates and a foreign country relating to the mutual recognition and enforcement of judgments;
(c) "country of the recognised court" means the Emirate, Emirate Member or country in which the recognised court is located;
(d) "family proceedings" means Personal Status litigations or lawsuits in accordance with Federal Law No. (28) of 2005;
(e) "judgment" means a judgment, decision or order given or made by a recognised court in any civil proceedings;
(f) "original court" in relation to any judgment means the recognised court which gave the judgment;
(g) "recognised court" means the judicial authorities of the Emirate and Emirate Members of the United Arab Emirates, courts of countries which have entered into applicable treaties, and a recognised foreign court;
(h) "recognised foreign court" means a court recognised by the Courts in accordance with the procedure set out in section 171;
(i) "registration" means registration under sections 172 to 176, the expressions "register" and "registered" shall be construed accordingly.
(2) For the purposes of this Chapter, the expression "action in personam" shall not include any family proceedings or any other proceedings in connection with any of the following matters —
(a) matrimonial matters;
(b) administration of the estates of deceased persons;
(c) bankruptcy;
(d) winding up of companies;
(e) mental incapacity; or
(f) guardianship of children.
Amended on April 19, 2017