1. Rules of interpretation

(1) In these Regulations, unless a contrary intention appears, a reference to:
(a) a statutory provision includes a reference to the statutory provision as amended or re-enacted from time to time;
(b) a person includes any natural person, body corporate or body unincorporate, including a company, partnership, unincorporated association, government or state;
(c) an obligation to publish or cause to be published a particular document shall, unless expressly provided otherwise in these Regulations, include publishing or causing to be published in printed or electronic form;
(d) a day shall refer to a business day, being a normal working day in the Abu Dhabi Global Market;
(e) a calendar year shall mean a year of the Gregorian calendar;
(f) a reference to the masculine gender includes the feminine and vice versa; and
(g) words in the singular shall include the plural and vice versa.
(2) The headings in these Regulations shall not affect the interpretation of these Regulations.
(3) Where a provision of these Regulations leaves the parties free to determine or agree upon an issue, such freedom includes the right of the parties to authorise a third party, including an arbitration institution or appointing authority, to make a determination on that issue.
(4) A reference in these Regulations to a Part, Section or Schedule by number only, and without further identification, is a reference to the Part, Section or Schedule of that number in these Regulations.
(5) A reference in a section or other division of these Regulations to a subsection, paragraph, subparagraph or section by number or letter only is a reference to the subsection, paragraph, subparagraph or section of that number or letter contained in the section or other division of these Regulations in which that reference occurs.
(6) Unless the context otherwise requires, where these Regulations refer to an enactment, the reference is to that enactment as amended from time to time, and includes a reference to that enactment as extended or applied by or under another enactment, including any other provision of that enactment.
(7) References in these Regulations to a writing, filing, instrument or certificate include any mode of communication that preserves a record of the information contained therein and is capable of being reproduced in tangible form, including electronic means.
(8) Where a provision of these Regulations refers to the fact that the parties have agreed or that they may agree or in any other way refers to an agreement of the parties, such agreement includes any arbitration rules, including those of any institution, referred to in that agreement.
(9) Where a provision of these Regulations, other than in sections 45(a) and 55(2)(a), refers to a claim, it also applies to a counter-claim, and where it refers to a defence, it also applies to a defence to such counter-claim.
(10) A reference in these Regulations to a hearing, argument or a report being conducted or delivered orally includes a remote hearing, argument or report that allows parties to orally present their case by using technological solutions such as telephone, video conference or other communication technology.