• ADGM Courts Rules

    • Divisions and Jurisdiction (Court of First Instance) Rules 2015 Amendment No 1 of 2020

      Click herehere to view PDF

      DIVISIONS AND JURISDICTION (COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE) RULES 2015 AMENDMENT NO 1 OF 2020

      Date of Enactment: 24 June 2020

      The Board of Directors of the Abu Dhabi Global Market, in exercise of its powers under Article 6(1) of Law No. 4 of 2013 concerning the Abu Dhabi Global Market, as amended, issued by His Highness the Ruler of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, hereby enacts the following Regulations –

      Amendments to Divisions and Jurisdiction (Court of First Instance) Rules 2015

      The Divisions and Jurisdiction (Court of First Instance) Rules 2015 are amended as follows:

      (1) The words “Commercial and” shall be inserted before “Civil Division” in rule 1(1)(a).
      (2) The words “Commercial and” shall be inserted before “Civil Division” in the title of rule 2 and in rule 2(1).
      (3) In rule 2(2)(c), 2015 shall be replaced by 2019.
      (4) In rule 2(2), the preamble shall be amended to read: “The Commercial and Civil Division shall have jurisdiction to hear and determine any commercial claim or dispute, insolvency claim or dispute and any other civil claim or dispute except -”.
      (5) A new rule 2(3), shall be inserted as follows:

      “For the avoidance of doubt, paragraphs 2(a), (c) and (d) shall not apply to insolvency claims or disputes and the Commercial and Civil Division shall have exclusive jurisdiction in relation to such claims or disputes.”
      (6) In rule 3(1), the words “Subject to rule 4,” shall be deleted and replaced by the words “Subject to rule 2(3)”.
      (7) In rule 3(1)(a), 2015 shall be replaced by 2019.
      (8) In rule 3(2), the words “or 4(1)” shall be deleted.
      (9) In rule 4(1) the words “falling within rule 2(1).” shall be inserted after the words “claims and disputes” and rules 4(1)(a) and 4(1)(b) shall be deleted.
      (10) In rule 4(2)(a) the words “, arbitration claims or judicial review proceedings” shall be inserted directly after the words “arising out of or in connection with family proceedings”.
      (11) In rule 4(2)(b) the words “rules 2(3) or” shall be inserted after the words “falling within” and the words”, save as provided by paragraph (1)(b)” shall be deleted
      (12) In rule 4(2)(c) the words “with the exception of claims or disputes falling within paragraph (1)(b),” shall be deleted.
      (13) In the Interpretation section, paragraph 5(c) the words ”, as amended by Law No. (12) of 2020,” shall be inserted directly after the words ““ADGM Founding Law” means Law No. (4) of 2013 concerning the Abu Dhabi Global Market”.
      (14) In the Interpretation section a new paragraph 5(f) shall be inserted as follows:

      ““commercial claim or dispute” means any claim or dispute arising out of the transaction of trade or commerce;”.

    • Divisions and Jurisdiction (Court of First Instance) Rules 2015

      Click herehere to view PDF

      • Divisions and Jurisdiction (Court of First Instance) Rules 2015

        Date of Enactment: 17 December 2015

        The Board of Directors of the Abu Dhabi Global Market make the following Rules in exercise of the powers conferred by section 31 of the ADGM Courts, Civil Evidence, Judgments, Enforcement and Judicial Appointments Regulations 2015: —

        • Certification of Enforcement Agents Rules 2015

          Date of Enactment: 17 December 2015

          The Board of Directors of the Abu Dhabi Global Market make the following Rules in exercise of the powers conferred by sections 124 and 140 of the ADGM Courts, Civil Evidence, Judgments, Enforcement and Judicial Appointments Regulations 2015: —-

          • Taking Control of Goods and Commercial Rent Arrears Recovery Rules 2015

            Date of Enactment: 17 December 2015

            The Board of Directors of the Abu Dhabi Global Market make the following Rules in exercise of the powers conferred by sections 128(8), 132(4), 135(5) and (6) and 140 of, and paragraphs 3(1), 7(2) and (4), 8, 11(3), 12(3), 13(3), 16(6) and (8), 17(5), 19(1), (3), (4), (14) and (15), 20(2), (4), (6), (7) and (10), 21(4), 22(2), 23, 26(2), (4), (5), (12), (14) and (15), 27(1), (2) and (3), 30(1), (3), (4), (7) and (8), 31(4) and (7), 34(4), 39(4) and (5) and 41 of Schedule 1 to, the ADGM Courts, Civil Evidence, Judgments, Enforcement and Judicial Appointments Regulations 2015: —

            • Judicial Discipline Prescribed Procedures Rules 2015

              Date of Enactment: 17 December 2015

              The Chief Justice of the Abu Dhabi Global Market Courts makes the following Rules in exercise of the powers conferred under section 216 of the ADGM Courts, Civil Evidence, Judgments, Enforcement and Judicial Appointments Regulations 2015: —-

              • Judicial Conduct (Judicial Office Holders) Rules 2015

                The Chief Justice of the Abu Dhabi Global Market Courts, in exercise of powers conferred by section 216 of the ADGM Courts, Civil Evidence, Judgments, Enforcement and Judicial Appointments Regulations 2015 and under rule 5 of the Judicial Discipline Prescribed Procedures Rules 2015, makes the following Rules: —

                Date of Enactment: 17 December 2015

                • ADGM Court Rules Of Conduct 2016

                  Date issued: 30 May 2016

                  The Chief Justice of ADGM Courts, acting under a power delegated to him by the Board of Directors of Abu Dhabi Global Market, makes the following rules under section 228 of ADGM Courts, Civil Evidence, Judgments, Enforcement and Judicial Appointments Regulations 2015, which may be cited as the Rules of Conduct 2016.

                  • ADGM Courts Litigation Funding Rules 2019

                    The Chief Justice of ADGM Courts, acting under powers delegated to him by the Board of Directors of Abu Dhabi Global Market, prescribes the following rules under section 225(3)(a) and (d) of the ADGM Courts, Civil Evidence, Judgments, Enforcement and Judicial Appointments Regulations 2015.

                    Date of Enactment: 16 April 2019

                    • 1. 1. Divisions of the Court of First Instance

                      (1) There shall be three divisions of the Court of First Instance —
                      (a) the Commercial and Civil Division;
                      (b) the Employment Division; and
                      (c) the Small Claims Division.
                      (2) Subject to rules 2, 3 and 4, all jurisdiction vested in the Court of First Instance under the Regulations shall belong to all the Divisions in that Court alike. Nothing in this paragraph affects any provisions of the Regulations relating to the distribution of business in the Court of First Instance.

                      • 1. 1. Issue of certificates

                        A certificate may be issued under section 124 of the Regulations only —

                        (a) on application by the person to whom the certificate is to be issued; and
                        (b) if the Registrar is satisfied that —
                        (i) the applicant is a fit and proper person to hold a certificate;
                        (ii) the applicant possesses sufficient knowledge of the law and procedure relating to powers of enforcement by taking control of goods and of commercial rent arrears recovery to be competent to exercise those powers;
                        (iii) the forms which the applicant intends to use when exercising powers of taking control of goods or commercial rent arrears recovery conform to the design and layout prescribed in the Schedule to these Rules;
                        (iv) the applicant has lodged the security required by rule 4(1), or such security is already subsisting; and
                        (v) the applicant does not carry on, and is not and will not be employed in, a business which includes the buying of debts.

                        • PART 1 PART 1 — Introductory

                          • PART 1 PART 1 — Introduction

                            • PART 1 PART 1 — General

                              • 1. 1. Scope and Objective

                                (1) The Rules of Conduct of the ADGM Courts ("Rules") apply to lawyers appearing before the ADGM Courts.
                                (2) The purpose of these Rules is to assist lawyers to act ethically and in accordance with the principles set out in these Rules.
                                (3) Lawyers must comply with the Rules, notwithstanding any provision to the contrary in any rules of conduct to which they are subject in any other jurisdiction in which the lawyers are duly authorised to practise law.
                                (4) Failure to comply with these Rules may give rise to sanctions by the Courts in accordance with Rule 10 of these Rules.

                                • PART 1 PART 1 Introduction

                                  • 1. 1. Application of these Rules

                                    (1) These Rules apply in relation to taking control of goods and selling them in the exercise of a power to use the procedure in Schedule 1.
                                    (2) These Rules apply to all such cases except to the extent that they provide otherwise.

                                    • 1. 1. Application

                                      These Rules apply to a judicial office holder.

                                      • 1. 1. Application of Rules

                                        These Rules apply to a judicial office holder.

                                        • 1. Application

                                          These Rules apply in relation to litigation funding agreements as defined in section 225(2) of the Regulations.

                                        • 2. Interpretation

                                          In these Rules, unless the context otherwise requires:

                                          (a) "ADGM" means Abu Dhabi Global Market, the financial free zone established by Federal Decree No. (15) of 2013 issued by the President of the United Arab Emirates, as delimited by Resolution No. (4) of 2016 of the Cabinet of the United Arab Emirates and as governed by Law No. (4) of 2013 concerning Abu Dhabi Global Market;
                                          (b) "ADGM Courts Rules of Conduct" means the ADGM Courts Rules of Conduct 2016 (as amended from time to time);
                                          (c) "ADGM Courts" means the Court of First Instance and the Court of Appeal of Abu Dhabi Global Market;
                                          (d) "Funded Party" means a litigant as defined in Section 225(2)(a) of the Regulations and includes a liquidator or judicial manager;
                                          (e) "Funder" means a funder as defined in Section 225(2)(a) of the Regulations;
                                          (f) "Litigation Funding Agreement" means a litigation funding agreement as defined in section 225(2) of the Regulations;
                                          (g) "proceedings" has the meaning given to it in Section 225(8) of the Regulations; and
                                          (h) "Regulations" means the ADGM Courts, Civil Evidence, Judgments, Enforcement and Judicial Appointments Regulations 2015.

                                        • 3. Short title, extent and commencement

                                          (1) These Rules may be cited as the Litigation Funding Rules 2019 and shall apply in the whole of Abu Dhabi Global Market.
                                          (2) These Rules shall come into force on the date of their publication and nothing in these Rules shall have retrospective effect.

                                        • 2. 2. Exempt goods

                                          The following goods of the debtor are exempt goods —

                                          (a) items or equipment (for example, tools, books, telephones, computer equipment and vehicles) which are necessary for use personally by the debtor in the debtor's employment, business or trade, profession, study or education except that in any case the aggregate value of the items of equipment to which the exemption is applied shall not exceed US$2,000;
                                          (b) such clothing, bedding, furniture, household equipment, items and provisions as are reasonably required to satisfy the basic domestic needs of the debtor and every member of the debtor's household, including (but not restricted to) —
                                          (i) a cooker or microwave;
                                          (ii) a refrigerator;
                                          (iii) a washing machine;
                                          (iv) a dining table large enough, and sufficient dining chairs, to seat the debtor and every member of the debtor's household;
                                          (v) beds and bedding sufficient for the debtor and every member of the debtor's household; and
                                          (vi) one landline telephone, or if there is no landline telephone at the premises, a mobile or internet telephone which may be used by the debtor or a member of the debtor's household;
                                          (c) any item or equipment reasonably required —
                                          (i) for the medical care of the debtor or any member of the debtor's household or, if the item or, in respect of business premises, any employee of the debtor;
                                          (ii) for safety on or in the business premises or dwelling-house, as the case may be;
                                          (iii) for the security of the business premises or dwelling-house, as the case may be, (for example, an alarm system) or security in the business premises or dwelling-house, as the case may be, (for example, a surveillance system); and
                                          (iv) to satisfy the basic heating, cooling and lighting needs of the debtor's business premises or household, as the case may be;
                                          (d) any item or equipment necessary for the care of —
                                          (i) a person under the age of 21;
                                          (ii) a disabled person; or
                                          (iii) an older person;
                                          (e) assistance dogs (including guide dogs, hearing dogs and dogs for disabled persons), guard dogs or domestic pets;
                                          (f) a vehicle in relation to which there are reasonable grounds for believing that it is used for the carriage of a disabled person;
                                          (g) a vehicle (whether in public ownership or not) which is being used for, or in relation to which there are reasonable grounds for believing that it is used for, police, fire or ambulance purposes; and
                                          (h) premises which are occupied by the debtor or another person as the debtor's or that person's only or principal home.

                                          • 2. 2. The Abu Dhabi Global Market Judicial Conduct Investigations Bureau

                                            (1) The Board must, with the agreement of the Chief Justice, designate officials for the purpose of performing functions under these Rules.
                                            (2) Officials designated by the Board under paragraph (1) are known collectively as the Abu Dhabi Global Market Judicial Conduct Investigations Bureau (the "Bureau").
                                            (3) The Bureau may undertake such enquiries as are necessary for it to perform its functions under these Rules or under any rules made under these Rules.
                                            (4) The Bureau may provide advice to any person regarding the application and interpretation of these Rules and any rules made under these Rules.
                                            (5) For the purpose of paragraph (4), advice may include advice regarding any proposed disciplinary action.
                                            (6) The Bureau may provide administrative assistance to a nominated judge, an investigating judge or a disciplinary panel in relation to the exercise of their functions under these Rules or rules made under these Rules.

                                            • 2. Making a complaint about judicial misconduct

                                              (1) A complaint must be made to the Abu Dhabi Global Market Judicial Conduct Investigations Bureau (the "Bureau").
                                              (2) A complaint must contain an allegation of misconduct.
                                              (3) A complaint must be made in a complaint document unless the Bureau agrees to accept a complaint in another form.
                                              (4) A "complaint document" is a document in writing which —
                                              (a) is in English and is legible;
                                              (b) contains an allegation of misconduct on the part of a named or identifiable judicial office holder;
                                              (c) states the date, or dates, when the alleged misconduct took place;
                                              (d) sets out the facts and circumstances that are alleged to constitute the misconduct; and
                                              (e) states the name and address of the person who is making the complaint.
                                              (5) A complaint document is to be accompanied by the originals or copies of all the documents within the control of the complainant to which he intends to refer.
                                              (6) The Bureau must not accept a complaint in any case where the complainant states that they do not want the judicial office holder concerned to see a copy of the complaint document or of any document accompanying it.

                                            • 3. 3. Measurement of time for doing an act

                                              In these Rules, the time for doing any act in response to a notification, invitation or request ("the document") starts on the day that corresponds to the method of delivery used in relation to the notification, invitation or request shown on the table below.

                                              Method of delivery Starting day
                                              Any postal method which provides for delivery on the next business day. The second business day after the day on which the document was posted.
                                              Any postal method which provides for delivery any time after the next business day. The third business day after the day on which the document was posted.
                                              Delivering the document to or leaving it at a permitted address. If it is delivered to or left at the permitted address on a business day before 5pm, that day; or if delivered at, or after, 5pm, the next business day.
                                              E-mail or other electronic method. If an e-mail or other electronic transmission is sent on a business day before 5pm, that day; or, if an email or other electronic transmission is sent at, or after, 5pm, the next business day.

                                              • 3. Time limits within which a complaint must be made

                                                (1) A complaint must be made within three months of the latest event or matter complained of.
                                                (2) The complainant must be informed —
                                                (a) if the complaint has not been accepted because it is out of time; and
                                                (b) that they may make representations to the Bureau within 10 business days of the notification that the complaint is out of time for an extension of the time limit.

                                              • 4. Extension of time limits

                                                (1) The Bureau may extend or shorten any time limit under these Rules, whether or not the time limit has expired, where there is good reason to do so.
                                                (2) The Bureau may extend the time limit for making a complaint only in exceptional circumstances.
                                                (3) The fact that a complaint may contain an allegation of misconduct will not, by itself, be sufficient reason for the Bureau to accept a complaint outside the three month time limit.
                                                (4) Where the Bureau has extended a time limit, it must —
                                                (a) inform the complainant and, if they are aware of the complaint, the judicial office holder concerned; and
                                                (b) keep a record of the reasons for the extension.

                                              • 5. Measurement of time for doing an act

                                                In these Rules the time for doing any act in response to a notification, invitation or request ("the document") starts on the day that corresponds to the method of delivery used in relation to the notification, invitation or request shown in the table below.

                                                Method of delivery Starting day
                                                Any postal method which provides for delivery on the next business day. The second business day after the day on which the document was posted.
                                                Any postal method which provides for delivery any time after the next business day. The third business day after the day on which the document was posted.
                                                Delivering the document to or leaving it at a permitted address. If it is delivered to or left at the permitted address on a business day before 5pm, that day; or if delivered at, or after, 5pm, the next business day.
                                                E-mail or other electronic method. If an e-mail or other electronic transmission is sent on a business day before 5pm, that day; or, if an email or other electronic transmission is sent at, or after, 5pm, the next business day.

                                • PART 2 PART 2 Funders

                                  • 4. Requirements for Funders

                                    (1) A Funder must satisfy the following at the time the Litigation Funding Agreement is made, and continue to satisfy the following:
                                    (a) the Funder must carry on as a principal business the funding of proceedings to which the Funder is not a party; and
                                    (b) the Funder must have qualifying assets of not less than US$5 million or the equivalent amount in foreign currency.
                                    (2) "qualifying assets" means cash and cash equivalents including, without limitation:
                                    (a) monies and assets contracted to the Funder under a contract for fund management; and
                                    (b) in the case of an incorporated company, paid-up share capital.

                                  • 5. Prohibitions against financial and other interests in Funders

                                    (1) The Funder must not be owned (whether wholly or partly, and whether directly or indirectly, and whether by way of shares or otherwise) by a lawyer or a law firm:
                                    (a) who has introduced or referred the Funder to a client in relation to the proceedings; or
                                    (b) whose client has a Litigation Funding Agreement in force with the Funder in relation to ongoing proceedings.
                                    (2) If a stockbroker or other professional investment manager carries out an individual's dealings in securities in the Funder without instruction from or prior reference to that individual, that shall not be considered an ownership in the Funder for the purposes of sub-paragraph (1) above.

                                • PART 3 PART 3 Litigation Funding Agreements

                                  • 6. Legal advice

                                    The Funder must take reasonable steps to ensure that the Funded Party has received independent legal advice in relation to the Litigation Funding Agreement and its terms prior to its execution. This obligation shall be satisfied if the Funded Party confirms in writing to the Funder that the Funded Party has taken such advice.

                                  • 7. Scope of funding

                                    The Litigation Funding Agreement must include provisions setting out at a minimum:

                                    (a) the scope of funding;
                                    (b) the amount of funding
                                    (c) the timing of each tranche of funding; and
                                    (d) the Funder's recovery in accordance with section 225(3)(e) of the Regulations.

                                  • 8. Financial liabilities

                                    (1) The Litigation Funding Agreement must state whether (and, if so, to what extent) the Funder is liable to the Funded Party:
                                    (a) to meet any liability for adverse costs; and
                                    (b) to pay any premium (including insurance premium tax) to obtain adverse costs insurance.
                                    (2) The Litigation Funding Agreement must state when and the manner in which the Funder will seek recovery from the Funded Party.

                                  • 9. Conflicts of interest

                                    (1) The Litigation Funding Agreement must not contain any terms that:
                                    (a) could induce the Funded Party's lawyer or law firm to breach their professional duties which are owed to the Funded Party or to ADGM Courts including under the ADGM Courts Rules of Conduct; or (b) subject to paragraph 10 below, allow the Funder to influence the lawyer or law firm so that it takes control of the dispute or assumes conduct of it.
                                    (2) Litigation Funding Agreements which include more than one Funded Party must include provisions for managing conflicts of interest between the Funder, the Funded Parties and the lawyers.

                                  • 10. Funders' involvement in settlements

                                    The Litigation Funding Agreement must include provisions as to the Funder's role in decisions about whether to settle the proceedings and on what terms.

                                  • 11. Termination of agreement by Funders

                                    The Litigation Funding Agreement must state the circumstances in which the Funder may terminate the agreement and the Funder shall not be entitled to terminate it except in circumstances so specified.

                                  • 12. Confidentiality obligations on Funders

                                    (1) The Litigation Funding Agreement must require the Funder to observe the confidentiality and/or privileged nature of all information and documentation relating to the proceedings to the extent required by law.
                                    (2) The Litigation Funding Agreement must prohibit the Funder seeking disclosure of information from the Funded Party's lawyer or law firm which is subject to either legal privilege or is confidential unless such information is sought with the Funded Party's written consent or disclosure is ordered by any courts or required by law.

                                  • 13. Funders' obligations about dealings with lawyers

                                    (1) The Litigation Funding Agreement must not result from or involve any commission, fee or share of proceeds being paid to a lawyer or law firm in relation to the introduction or referral of a client to the Funder by that lawyer or law firm.
                                    (2) Nothing in this Rule prohibits a lawyer or law firm from receiving fees, disbursements or expenses payable by their client for the provision of that lawyer or law firm's legal services.
                                    (3) Neither the Litigation Funding Agreement nor anything done by the Funder in relation thereto must cause any lawyer or law firm to be in breach of the ADGM Courts Rules of Conduct.
                                    (4) If a stockbroker or other professional investment manager carries out an individual's dealings in securities in the Funder without instruction from or prior reference to that individual, any proceeds from such securities shall not fall within sub-paragraph (1) above.
                                    (5) The Litigation Funding Agreement must require the Funder to take reasonable steps to ensure that it has satisfied itself that there are no circumstances arising from the funding that might give rise to any reasonably foreseeable conflicts of interest, whether in connection with the Funded Party, its lawyer or law firm, the other parties to the proceedings or their lawyer or law firm, or ADGM Courts or arbitral tribunal hearing the proceedings.

                                  • 14. Notification obligations on Funders

                                    The Litigation Funding Agreement must require the Funder to notify the Funded Party expeditiously if the Funder foresees or reasonably believes that it will no longer meet any of the prescribed requirements for Funders.

                                  • 15. Jurisdiction as to costs

                                    The Litigation Funding Agreement must state, expressly for the benefit of the Funded Party and any other party to proceedings before ADGM Courts funded under the Litigation Funding Agreement, that the Funder submits to the jurisdiction of ADGM Courts for the purposes of disputes relating to costs as between the Funded Party and any other party to the proceedings.

                                • 2. 2. Jurisdiction of the Commercial and Civil Division

                                  (1) Subject to paragraph ‎(2), the Commercial and Civil Division has jurisdiction to hear and determine any claim or dispute in accordance with, or pursuant to, the Regulations or any other ADGM enactment.
                                  (2) The Commercial and Civil Division shall have jurisdiction to hear and determine any commercial claim or dispute, insolvency claim or dispute and any other civil claim or dispute except –
                                  (a) where the value of the claim or dispute is, or is less than, US$100,000;
                                  (b) arising out of or in connection with family proceedings;
                                  (c) which relates to the enforcement of any right or obligation under the Employment Regulations 2019; or
                                  (d) for the enforcement of any claim relating to employment matters other than the enforcement of any right or obligation under the Employment Regulations 2019.
                                  (3) For the avoidance of doubt, paragraphs 2(a), (c) and (d) shall not apply to insolvency claims or disputes and the Commercial and Civil Division shall have exclusive jurisdiction in relation to such claims or disputes.

                                  • 2. 2. Information about certificates and applications

                                    (1) The Court must compile and maintain a list of all persons who hold a certificate which has not expired or been cancelled.
                                    (2) The list required by paragraph (1) must contain, for each certified person —
                                    (a) the certified person's name;
                                    (b) the name of the certified person's employer, if any;
                                    (c) the certified person's business address;
                                    (d) the date of issue of the certificate; and
                                    (e) the date on which the certificate ceases to have effect.
                                    (3) The list required by paragraph (1) must be published on a website maintained by or on behalf of the Courts.
                                    (4) The Court must also publish, on the website referred to in paragraph (3), notice of every application made to the Court for a certificate to be issued under section 124 of the Regulations.
                                    (5) The notice required by paragraph (4) must contain the following information —
                                    (a) the applicant's name;
                                    (b) the name of the applicant's employer, if any;
                                    (c) the date on which the application will be heard, which must be at least 7 business days after the date in sub-paragraph (f);
                                    (d) that any person who knows of any reason or reasons why the applicant may not be a fit and proper person to hold a certificate may give the reason or reasons to the Court;
                                    (e) that the reasons given under sub-paragraph (d) must be given in writing in English;
                                    (f) the date by which a person must give a reason or reasons to the Court under sub-paragraph (d), which must be at least 28 business days from the date on which the notice is published on the website.

                                    • PART 2 PART 2 — Procedure For Taking Control Of Goods

                                      • PART 2 PART 2 — Complaints And Investigation Of Cases

                                        • PART 2 PART 2 — Investigation By The Bureau

                                          • 2. 2. Interpretations

                                            (1) In these Rules &mdashl
                                            (a) "ADGM" means the Abu Dhabi Global Market, the financial free zone established by Federal Decree No. (15) of 2013 issued by the President of the United Arab Emirates, as delimited by Resolution No. (4) of 2016 of the Cabinet of the United Arab Emirates and as governed by Law No. (4) of 2013 concerning the Abu Dhabi Global Market;
                                            (b) "ADGM Courts", "Courts" or "Court" means the Court of First Instance and the Court of Appeal of the Abu Dhabi Global Market;
                                            (c) "the ADGM Court Procedure Rules" means the ADGM Court Procedure Rules 2016;
                                            (d) "the ADGM Courts Regulations" means the ADGM Courts, Civil Evidence, Judgments, Enforcement and Judicial Appointments Regulations 2015; and
                                            (e) "lawyer" means a lawyer who is authorised to practice law in any jurisdiction by the body authorized to regulate the admission, licensing and conduct of lawyers in that jurisdiction, and who —
                                            (i) exercises a right of audience before the Courts as defined in section 219 of the ADGM Courts Regulations; or
                                            (ii) has conduct of litigation in relation to proceedings in the Courts.

                                            • Chapter 1: Chapter 1: Notice of Enforcement Prior to Taking Control of Goods

                                              • 4. 4. Complaint of misconduct

                                                A complaint about a judicial office holder must be made to the Bureau.

                                                • 6. 6. Scope

                                                  This Part applies where —

                                                  (a) a complaint is made to the Bureau;
                                                  (b) the Chief Justice refers a complaint to the Bureau in accordance with rule 10 of the Judicial Discipline Rules; or
                                                  (c) a nominated judge refers a case to the Bureau under rule 32(1).

                                                  • 3. Minimum period of notice

                                                    (1) Subject to paragraph (3), notice of enforcement must be given to the debtor not less than 7 clear days before the enforcement agent takes control of the debtor's goods.
                                                    (2) Where the period referred to in paragraph (1) includes a day other than a business day that day does not count in calculating the period.
                                                    (3) The Court may order that a specified shorter period of notice may be given to the debtor.
                                                    (4) The Court may only make an order under paragraph (3) where it is satisfied that, if the order is not made, it is likely that goods of the debtor will be moved to premises other than relevant premises, or otherwise disposed of, in order to avoid the goods being taken control of by the enforcement agent.

                                                  • 4. Form and contents of notice

                                                    Notice of enforcement must be given in writing, and must contain the following information —

                                                    (a) the name and address, including, where appropriate, the trading or business name and the trading or, if registered in the Abu Dhabi Global Market, the registered office address of the debtor;
                                                    (b) the reference number or numbers;
                                                    (c) the date of the notice;
                                                    (d) details of the Court judgment or order or enforcement power by virtue of which the debt is enforceable against the debtor;
                                                    (e) the following information about the debt —
                                                    (i) sufficient details of the debt to enable the debtor to identify the debt correctly;
                                                    (ii) the amount of the debt including any interest due as at the date of the notice;
                                                    (iii) the amount of any enforcement costs incurred up to the date of the notice; and
                                                    (iv) the possible additional costs of enforcement if the sum outstanding should remain unpaid as at the date mentioned in sub-paragraph (h);
                                                    (f) how and between which hours and on which days payment of the sum outstanding may be made;
                                                    (g) a contact telephone number and address (including e-mail address) at which, and the days on which at the hours between which, the enforcement agent or enforcement agent's office may be contacted; and
                                                    (h) the date and time by which the sum outstanding must be paid to prevent goods of the debtor being taken control of and sold and the debtor incurring additional costs.

                                                  • 5. Method of giving notice and who must give it

                                                    (1) Notice of enforcement must be given —
                                                    (a) by post or courier service addressed to the debtor at the place, or one of the places, where the debtor usually lives or carries on a trade or business;
                                                    (b) by e-mail or other means of electronic communication;
                                                    (c) by delivery by hand to the place, or one of the places, where the debtor usually lives or carries on a trade or business;
                                                    (d) by affixing the notice at or in a place where it is likely to come to the attention of the debtor;
                                                    (e) where the debtor is an individual, to the debtor personally; or
                                                    (f) where the debtor is not an individual (but is, for example, a company, corporation or partnership), by delivering the notice to —
                                                    (i) the place, or one of the places, where the debtor carries on a trade or business; or
                                                    (ii) if located within the Abu Dhabi Global Market, the registered office of the company or partnership.
                                                    (2) Notice must be given by the enforcement agent or the enforcement agent's office.

                                                • Chapter 2: Chapter 2: Taking Control of Goods

                                                  • 5. 5. Investigation process

                                                    (1) The Chief Justice may make rules about the process to be applied in respect of an allegation of misconduct, whether the allegation is made by way of complaint or otherwise.
                                                    (2) The rules may include provision as to any of the following —
                                                    (a) the form of a complaint;
                                                    (b) the information to be contained in a complaint;
                                                    (c) time limits for taking any step and procedures for extending or reducing time limits;
                                                    (d) the circumstances in which a case may be dismissed;
                                                    (e) the circumstances in which an investigation may be undertaken (on the making of a complaint or otherwise);
                                                    (f) the conduct of an investigation, including steps to be taken by the judicial office holder concerned, by a complainant or any other person;
                                                    (g) the circumstances in which a case may be investigated by the Bureau, a nominated judge, an investigating judge, or a disciplinary panel;
                                                    (h) the circumstances in which a case may be dealt with under a summary procedure;
                                                    (i) the circumstances in which a case which has initially been dismissed may be reconsidered.

                                                    • 7. 7. Procedure

                                                      (1) The Bureau must dismiss a complaint, or part of a complaint, if it falls into any of the following categories —
                                                      (a) it does not adequately particularise the matter complained of;
                                                      (b) it is about a judicial decision or judicial case management, and raises no question of misconduct;
                                                      (c) the action complained of was not done or caused to be done by a person holding judicial office;
                                                      (d) it is vexatious;
                                                      (e) it is without substance;
                                                      (f) even if true, it would not require any disciplinary action to be taken;
                                                      (g) it is untrue, mistaken or misconceived;
                                                      (h) it raises a matter which has already been dealt with, whether under these Rules or otherwise, and does not present any material new evidence;
                                                      (i) it is about a person who no longer holds a judicial office;
                                                      (j) it is about the private life of a person holding a judicial office and could not reasonably be considered to affect their suitability to hold judicial office;
                                                      (k) it is about the professional conduct in a non-judicial capacity of a person holding judicial office and could not reasonably be considered to affect their suitability to hold judicial office;
                                                      (l) for any other reason it does not relate to misconduct by a person holding judicial office.
                                                      (2) The Bureau may not dismiss a complaint under paragraph (1)(a) unless it has given the complainant an opportunity to provide adequate details of the complaint. A complainant must provide any further details within 14 business days of the request for details made by the Bureau to the complainant.
                                                      (3) Where an account of the facts given by a complainant differs from an account given by the judicial office holder concerned, the Bureau must consider any source of independent evidence which exists and which may help to verify the facts in dispute before it dismisses a complaint, unless to do so would be disproportionate in all the circumstances.
                                                      (4) Where the Bureau dismisses a complaint, it must inform —
                                                      (a) the complainant of the dismissal and the reasons for it; and
                                                      (b) if they are aware of the complaint, the judicial office holder concerned.
                                                      (5) Where the Bureau does not dismiss a complaint under paragraph (1), it must —
                                                      (a) deal with the complaint under the summary process (Part 3); or
                                                      (b) refer the complaint to a nominated judge to consider (Part 4).

                                                      • 6. Time limit for taking control of goods

                                                        (1) Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), the enforcement agent may not take control of goods of the debtor after the expiry period of 12 months beginning with the date of the notice of enforcement.
                                                        (2) Where —
                                                        (a) after giving notice of enforcement the enforcement agent enters into an arrangement with the debtor for the repayment, by the debtor, of the sum outstanding by instalments (a repayment arrangement); and
                                                        (b) the debtor breaches the terms of the repayment arrangement,
                                                        the period of paragraph (1) begins with the date of the debtor's breach of the repayment arrangement.
                                                        (3) The Court may order that the period in paragraph (1) be extended by up to 12 months.
                                                        (4) The Court may make an order under paragraph (3) only —
                                                        (a) on application by the enforcement agent or the creditor;
                                                        (b) on one occasion; and
                                                        (c) if the Court is satisfied that the applicant has reasonable grounds for not taking control of goods of the debtor during the period referred to under paragraph (1).

                                                      • 7. Circumstances in which the enforcement agent may not take control of goods

                                                        (1) The enforcement agent may not take control of goods of the debtor where —
                                                        (a) a child or vulnerable person (whether more than one or a combination of both) is the only person present in the relevant or specified premises in which the goods are located;
                                                        (b) the goods are also premises in which a child or vulnerable person (whether more than one or a combination of both) is the only person present; or
                                                        (c) the goods are exempt goods.
                                                        (2) Where an item which belongs to the debtor is in the hands of, or being operated by, any person at the time at which the enforcement agent seeks to take control of it, the enforcement agent may not do so if such action is in all the circumstances likely to result in a breach of the peace.

                                                      • 8. Circumstances in which the enforcement agent may not take control of goods: public places

                                                        (1) This rule applies in relation to relevant goods which the enforcement agent finds in a public place (see paragraph 11(1)(b) of Schedule 1).
                                                        (2) In this rule —
                                                        (a) "relevant goods" means any goods which the enforcement agent believes to be or to include —
                                                        (i) hazardous goods or materials; or
                                                        (ii) perishable goods or materials;
                                                        (b) "hazardous goods or materials" includes —
                                                        (i) nuclear waste;
                                                        (ii) radioactive waste; and
                                                        (iii) any other article or substance that has been and remains contaminated (whether radioactively or chemically).
                                                        (3) The enforcement agent may not take control of any relevant goods if —
                                                        (a) to do so would pose a risk to public health; and
                                                        (b) the enforcement agent is or ought to be aware of that risk.
                                                        (4) Where paragraph (1) applies the enforcement agent may not take control of a debtor's vehicle in which such goods are contained.

                                                      • 9. Days for taking control of goods

                                                        The enforcement agent may take control of goods of the debtor on any business day.

                                                      • 10. Prohibited hours of taking control

                                                        (1) Subject to paragraph (2), the enforcement agent may not take control of goods of the debtor before 6 am or after 10 pm on any business day.
                                                        (2) Paragraph (1) does not apply where —
                                                        (a) the Court, on application by the enforcement agent, orders otherwise;
                                                        (b) goods are located on the debtor's or another person's premises which are used (whether wholly or partly) to carry on a trade or business and the premises (or part of the premises) are open for the conduct of that trade or business during hours that are prohibited under paragraph (1); or
                                                        (c) the enforcement agent has begun to take control of goods during hours that are not prohibited under paragraph (1), or during hours to which paragraph (1) does not apply by virtue of sub-paragraph (a) or (b), and to complete taking control of goods it is reasonably necessary for the enforcement agent to continue to do so during prohibited hours, provided the duration of time spent in taking control of goods is reasonable.

                                                      • 11. Who may enter into a controlled goods agreement

                                                        (1) Subject to paragraph (2), a controlled goods agreement, as defined by paragraph 11(4) of Schedule 1, may only be entered into by an enforcement agent and —
                                                        (a) a debtor who is not a child;
                                                        (b) a person, aged 21 or over, authorised by the debtor to enter into a controlled goods agreement on the debtor's behalf; or
                                                        (c) a person in apparent authority who is on the premises, where those premises are used (whether wholly or partly) to carry on a trade or business.
                                                        (2) The enforcement agent may not enter into a controlled goods agreement with the debtor or another person who it appears (or ought to appear) to the enforcement agent does not understand the effect of, and would therefore not be capable of entering into, such an agreement.

                                                      • 12. Controlled goods agreements

                                                        (1) This rule applies where a controlled goods agreement is entered into under paragraph 11(1)(d) of Schedule 1.
                                                        (2) The agreement must be in writing, and signed by the enforcement agent and —
                                                        (a) the debtor; or
                                                        (b) the person authorised by the debtor in accordance with rule 11(1)(b); or
                                                        (c) the person in apparent authority in accordance with rule 11(1)(c).
                                                        (3) The agreement must contain the following information —
                                                        (a) the name and address, including, where appropriate, the trading or business name and the trading or, if registered in the Abu Dhabi Global Market, the registered office address of the debtor;
                                                        (b) the reference number or numbers and the date of the agreement;
                                                        (c) the names of the persons entering into the agreement;
                                                        (d) a contact telephone number and address (including e-mail address) at which, and the days on which and the hours between which the enforcement agent or the enforcement agent's office may be contacted;
                                                        (e) a list of the goods of which control has been taken with a description to enable the debtor to identify the goods correctly, including, where applicable —
                                                        (i) the manufacturer, model and serial number of the goods;
                                                        (ii) in the case of a vehicle, the manufacturer, model, colour and registration mark of the vehicle; and
                                                        (iii) the material, colour and usage, and (where appropriate) any other identifying characteristic of the goods; and
                                                        (f) the terms of the arrangement entered into between the enforcement agent and the debtor for the repayment, by the debtor, of the sum outstanding.
                                                        (4) At the time of entering into the agreement, the enforcement agent must give a copy of the signed agreement to the person who signed it under paragraph (2).
                                                        (5) Where the enforcement agent enters into the agreement with a person authorised by the debtor in accordance with rule 11(1)(b) or with a person in apparent authority in accordance with rule 11(1)(c), the enforcement agent must also provide the debtor with a copy of the signed agreement by —
                                                        (a) leaving it in a conspicuous place on the relevant or specified premises, where the enforcement agent has taken control of the goods on such premises; or
                                                        (b) delivering it to any relevant premises, in a sealed envelope addressed to the debtor, where the enforcement agent has taken control of the goods in a public place.
                                                        (6) Where the enforcement agent leaves a copy of the agreement in accordance with paragraph (5)(a) and the enforcement agent knows that a person other than the debtor is on the premises or that there are other occupiers, the copy must be left in a sealed envelope addressed to the debtor.
                                                        (7) Paragraph (3)(e) is complied with if —
                                                        (a) the enforcement agent provides the debtor with a list of goods of which control has been taken under rule 27(2)(f)(i) or rule 30(1)(e) at the same time as entering into the controlled goods agreement; and
                                                        (b) the goods of which control has been taken are the same as those referred to in the list mentioned in sub-paragraph (a).

                                                    • Chapter 3: Chapter 3: Ways of Securing Goods

                                                      • 6. 6. Nominated judge

                                                        (1) A nominated judge means a judicial office holder who is nominated by the Chief Justice to deal with a case in accordance with rules made under rule 5.
                                                        (2) The Chief Justice may nominate different judicial office holders to deal with different cases or to deal with different aspects of the same case.

                                                        • 8. 8. Procedure to be followed before a referral is made to a nominated judge

                                                          (1) Before a referral can be made to a nominated judge, the Bureau must —
                                                          (a) provide the judicial office holder with —
                                                          (i) the complaint, including any supporting documents (see rule 2(5)); and
                                                          (ii) any other information that the Bureau has obtained when considering the complaint;
                                                          (b) invite the judicial office holder concerned to comment upon the complaint within 14 business days of the invitation to do so; and
                                                          (c) consider any comments received from the judicial office holder concerned.
                                                          (2) The Bureau can continue to refer the complaint to a nominated judge if —
                                                          (a) the judicial office holder concerned has provided comments within the time required under paragraph (1)(b); or
                                                          (b) the time has elapsed for providing comments and the judicial office holder concerned has not responded.

                                                          • 13. Securing goods of the debtor on premises where found

                                                            (1) Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), an enforcement agent who is securing goods of the debtor on the premises on which they are found (under paragraph 11(1)(a) of Schedule 1) may secure the goods —
                                                            (a) in a cupboard, storeroom, room, garage or outbuilding;
                                                            (b) in the case of goods on premises (or on a part of the premises) which are not occupied for residential purposes, by the enforcement agent remaining on the premises to guard the goods of the debtor of which the enforcement agent has taken control;
                                                            (c) by fitting an immobilisation device (which must be provided by the enforcement agent); or
                                                            (d) by securing —
                                                            (i) the whole of the premises, where the premises are occupied solely for the purpose of a trade or business; or
                                                            (ii) such part of the premises, where the premises are occupied for residential and trade or business purposes, that is occupied solely for the purpose of a trade or business.
                                                            (2) The enforcement agent may not secure goods in any of the ways listed under paragraph (1)(a) to (c) where any person (whether or not the debtor) in occupation of the premises, or any part of the premises, would, as a result, be deprived of adequate access to essential facilities, including exempt goods, or adequate means of entering and leaving the premises, including means of emergency entry and escape.
                                                            (3) Where the goods are secured by an immobilisation device under paragraph (1)(c), the enforcement agent must, at the time of immobilising the goods, provide a written warning to the debtor, signed by the enforcement agent, to be affixed in a prominent position on the immobilised goods, which must contain the following information —
                                                            (a) that the enforcement agent has immobilised the goods;
                                                            (b) the date and time of immobilisation;
                                                            (c) that the goods have been immobilised because the debtor has failed to pay the sum outstanding;
                                                            (d) a telephone number, which is available 24 hours every day (save for public holidays), for enquiries; and
                                                            (e) the reference number or numbers.
                                                            (4) Premises may only be secured under paragraph (1)(d) if it is not practicable either —
                                                            (a) to secure the goods in any of the other ways listed under paragraph (1); or
                                                            (b) to take control of the goods under paragraph 11(1)(c) of Schedule 1.

                                                          • 14. Securing goods of the debtor in a public place or elsewhere

                                                            (1) Subject to paragraph (3), where the enforcement agent is proceeding under paragraph 11(1)(b) or (c) of Schedule 1 the enforcement agent may secure goods of the debtor by fitting an immobilisation device.
                                                            (2) Where the goods are secured by fitting an immobilisation device, the enforcement agent must —
                                                            (a) provide the immobilisation device; and
                                                            (b) provide a written warning to the debtor in accordance with rule 13(3).
                                                            (3) This rule does not apply where the goods to be secured in a public place under paragraph 11(1)(b) of Schedule 1 are a vehicle.

                                                          • 15. Securing goods of the debtor in a public place and removal: vehicles

                                                            (1) Where the enforcement agent is proceeding under paragraph 11(1)(b) of Schedule 1 and the goods to be secured are a vehicle, those goods must be secured in accordance with this rule.
                                                            (2) The vehicle must be secured by an immobilisation device, unless the debtor voluntarily surrenders the keys to the vehicle to the enforcement agent.
                                                            (3) The immobilisation device must be provided by the enforcement agent.
                                                            (4) At the time of immobilising the goods, the enforcement agent must provide a written warning to the debtor in accordance with rule 13(3).
                                                            (5) A vehicle must remain immobilised where it is positioned for a period of not less than 2 hours from the time of immobilisation unless the sum outstanding is paid or an agreement to release the vehicle, on part payment of the sum outstanding, is made between the enforcement agent and the debtor.
                                                            (6) On expiry of the period of time referred to under paragraph (5), the enforcement agent may remove the vehicle to storage.
                                                            (7) Where a vehicle is removed to storage, the enforcement agent must comply with the requirements of rule 31 (care of controlled goods).

                                                          • 16. Removal and securing goods of the debtor: location

                                                            Subject to rule 31 (care of controlled goods), where the enforcement agent takes control of the goods of the debtor under paragraph 11(1)(c) of Schedule 1 the enforcement agent must, save in exceptional circumstances, remove the goods and secure them in or at a place which is within a reasonable distance from the place where control was taken of the goods.

                                                        • Chapter 4: Chapter 4: Entry

                                                          • 7. 7. Investigating judge

                                                            (1) An investigating judge means a judicial office holder or a former judicial office holder who is nominated by the Chief Justice to investigate a case in accordance with the rules made under rule 5.
                                                            (2) The Chief Justice may nominate different judicial office holders to investigate different cases or to investigate different aspects of the same case.

                                                            • 9. 9. Interim suspension

                                                              Rule 14 of the Judicial Discipline Rules governs the procedure relating to the possible interim suspension of a judicial office holder.

                                                              • 17. Mode of entry or re-entry to premises

                                                                The enforcement agent may enter relevant or specified premises under paragraph 12 or 13 of Schedule 1 respectively, or re-enter premises under paragraph 14 of Schedule 1, only by —

                                                                (a) any door, or any usual means by which entry is gained to the premises (for example, a loading bay to premises where a trade or business is carried on); or
                                                                (b) any usual means of entry, where the premises are a vehicle, vessel, aircraft, hovercraft, a tent or other moveable structure.

                                                              • 18. Days of entry

                                                                (1) This rule applies where the enforcement agent is —
                                                                (a) entering or remaining on relevant or specified premises under paragraph 12 or 13 of Schedule 1 to search for and take control of goods; or
                                                                (b) re-entering or remaining on premises under paragraph 14 of Schedule 1 to inspect controlled goods or to remove them for storage or sale.
                                                                (2) The enforcement agent may enter or re-enter the premises on any business day.
                                                                (3) The enforcement agent may remain on the premises on any day of the week.

                                                              • 19. Hours of entry

                                                                (1) This rule applies where the enforcement agent is entering, re-entering or remaining on premises in the circumstances mentioned in rule 18(1).
                                                                (2) Subject to paragraphs (3) to (5) —
                                                                (a) the enforcement agent may only enter or re-enter the premises after 6 am and before 10 pm on any business day;
                                                                (b) the enforcement agent may remain on the premises at any time.
                                                                (3) Where the premises are used (whether wholly or partly) for a trade or business, the enforcement agent may enter, re-enter or remain on the premises (or part of the premises so used) during any hours when the premises (or part of the premises) are open for the conduct of that trade or business.
                                                                (4) Where the enforcement agent has, during hours permitted under paragraph (2), (3) or (5), already entered or re-entered premises, the enforcement agent may, outside such permitted hours, remain on the premises, if it is reasonably necessary for him to continue to search for and take control of goods, inspect controlled goods or remove controlled goods for storage or sale provided the duration of time spent is reasonable.
                                                                (5) The Court may authorise the enforcement agent to enter, re-enter or remain on premises during times other than those permitted by paragraph (2), (3) or (4) if (and only if) an application for authorisation is made to the Court by the enforcement agent.

                                                              • 20. Restrictions on entry and re-entry to, and remaining on, premises

                                                                (1) This rule applies where the enforcement agent is entering, re-entering or remaining on premises in the circumstances mentioned in rule 18(1).
                                                                (2) The enforcement agent may enter, re-enter or remain on the premises only if —
                                                                (a) the debtor is not a child; or
                                                                (b) a child or vulnerable person (whether more than one or a combination of both) is not the only person present in the premises which the enforcement agent proposes to enter or re-enter.

                                                              • 21. Restrictions on repeated entry (with or without warrant) to premises

                                                                (1) This rule applies where the enforcement agent, having entered relevant or specified premises under paragraph 12 or 13 of Schedule 1 respectively, has determined that there are no or insufficient goods of the debtor on the premises of which control may be taken that will pay the sum outstanding.
                                                                (2) The enforcement agent may enter the premises on a second or subsequent occasion only —
                                                                (a) if the enforcement agent has reason to believe that, since the occasion of the enforcement agent's last entry, there have been brought on to the premises further goods of the debtor of which control has not yet been, but may be, taken; or
                                                                (b) where the enforcement agent was prohibited from taking control of particular goods at the time of the original entry by virtue of rule 7(2) (control not to be taken of goods if those goods are in use and the enforcement agent considers that a breach of the peace would be likely if an attempt were made to take control of them).
                                                                (3) Paragraph (2)(b) does not authorise the enforcement agent to enter to take control of any goods other than those to which that paragraph applies, except to the extent that paragraph (2)(a) also applies.

                                                              • 22. Minimum period of notice of intention to re-enter premises

                                                                (1) Subject to paragraph (3), notice of the enforcement agent's intention to re-enter premises must be given to the debtor not less than 2 clear days before the enforcement agent re-enters the premises.
                                                                (2) Where the period referred to in paragraph (1) includes a day other than a business day, that day does not count in calculating the period.
                                                                (3) The Court may order that a specified shorter period of notice may be given to the debtor.
                                                                (4) The Court may only make an order under paragraph (3) where it is satisfied that, if the order is not made, it is likely that goods of the debtor will be moved to premises other than relevant premises, or otherwise disposed of, in order to avoid the goods being inspected or removed for storage or sale.

                                                              • 23. Form and contents of notice of re-entry

                                                                Notice of the enforcement agent's intention to re-enter premises must be in writing, be signed by the enforcement agent and contain the following information —

                                                                (a) the name and address, including, where appropriate, the trading or business name and the trading or, if registered in the Abu Dhabi Global Market, the registered office address of the debtor;
                                                                (b) the reference number or numbers;
                                                                (c) the date of the notice;
                                                                (d) sufficient details of the controlled goods agreement, the repayment terms of which the debtor has failed to comply with, to enable the debtor to identify the agreement correctly;
                                                                (e) how the debtor has failed to comply with the repayment terms of the controlled goods agreement;
                                                                (f) the amount of the sum outstanding as at the date of the notice;
                                                                (g) how and between which hours and on which days payment of the sum outstanding may be made;
                                                                (h) a contact telephone number and address (including e-mail address) at which, and the days on which and the hours between which, the enforcement agent or the enforcement agent's office may be contacted;
                                                                (i) the date and time by which the sum outstanding must be paid to prevent the controlled goods being inspected or removed for storage or sale; and
                                                                (j) that the enforcement agent may if necessary use reasonable force to re-enter the premises to inspect the goods or remove them for storage or sale.

                                                              • 24. Method of giving notice of re-entry and who must give it

                                                                (1) Notice of the enforcement agent's intention to re-enter premises must be given —
                                                                (a) by e-mail or other means of electronic communication;
                                                                (b) by delivery by hand to the place, or one of the places, where the debtor usually lives or carries on a trade or business;
                                                                (c) by affixing the notice at or in a place that is likely to come to the attention of the debtor;
                                                                (d) where the debtor is an individual, to the debtor personally; or
                                                                (e) where the debtor is not an individual (but is, for example, a company, corporation or partnership), by delivering the notice to —
                                                                (i) the place, or one of the places, where the debtor carries on a trade or business; or
                                                                (ii) if located within the Abu Dhabi Global Market, the registered office of the company or partnership.
                                                                (2) The notice must be given by the enforcement agent.

                                                              • 25. Issue of warrant authorising enforcement agent to use reasonable force to enter premises

                                                                (1) This rule applies where the enforcement agent has power to enter premises under paragraph 12 or 13 of Schedule 1.
                                                                (2) The conditions of which the Court must be satisfied before it issues a warrant under paragraph 17(2) of Schedule 1, or includes provision in a warrant under paragraph 17(4) of that Schedule, are —
                                                                (a) either —
                                                                (i) the enforcement agent is attempting to recover a debt enforceable under section 114 of the Regulations; or
                                                                (ii) the premises are premises to which the goods have been deliberately removed in order to avoid control being taken of them;
                                                                (b) there are, or are likely to be, goods of the debtor on the premises of which control can be taken;
                                                                (c) the enforcement agent has explained to the Court —
                                                                (i) the likely means of entry, and the type and amount of force that will be required to make the entry;
                                                                (ii) how, after entry, the enforcement agent proposes to leave the premises in a secure state; and
                                                                (d) in all the circumstances it is appropriate for the Court to give an authorisation, having regard (among other matters) to —
                                                                (i) the sum outstanding;
                                                                (ii) the nature of the debt.

                                                              • 26. Issue of warrant authorising enforcement agent to use reasonable force in relation to goods in a public place

                                                                (1) This rule applies where an enforcement agent is taking control of goods in a public place.
                                                                (2) The conditions of which the Court must be satisfied before it issues a warrant under paragraph 20(1) of Schedule 1 are —
                                                                (a) the enforcement agent is attempting to recover a debt enforceable by virtue of a writ under section 114 of the Regulations;
                                                                (b) the enforcement agent has explained to the Court the type and amount of force that will be required to take control of the goods; and
                                                                (c) in all the circumstances an authorisation ought to be given, having regard to (among other matters) —
                                                                (i) the sum outstanding; and
                                                                (ii) the nature of the debt.
                                                                (3) The writs mentioned in paragraph (2)(a) are —
                                                                (a) a writ of control which confers a power to recover a sum of money;
                                                                (b) a writ of delivery which confers a power to take control of goods and sell them to recover a sum of money;
                                                                (c) a writ of possession which confers a power to take control of goods and sell them to recover a sum of money.

                                                            • Chapter 5: Chapter 5: Notice After Entry and Taking Control of Goods

                                                              • 8. 8. Disciplinary panel

                                                                (1) A disciplinary panel is a panel consisting of —
                                                                (a) either a judicial office holder or former judicial office holder;
                                                                (b) a practising or employed lawyer; and
                                                                (c) one other member, who has never been —
                                                                (i) a judicial office holder; or
                                                                (ii) a practising or employed lawyer.
                                                                (2) The Chief Justice must nominate the members of a disciplinary panel under sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) of paragraph (1).
                                                                (3) The Board, with the agreement of the Chief Justice, must nominate the other member in paragraph (1)(c).
                                                                (4) A person is ineligible for membership of a disciplinary panel if that person has had any previous involvement in the disciplinary process relating to the case that is being referred to the disciplinary panel.
                                                                (5) The judicial office holder or former judicial office holder nominated under paragraph (1)(a) must chair the disciplinary panel.

                                                                • 27. Form and contents of notice after entry, and/or taking control of goods in a public place

                                                                  (1) This rule applies to the notices required by paragraphs 19(13) and 20(9) of Schedule 1.
                                                                  (2) Subject to rules 28 and 29, the notice must be in writing, be signed by the enforcement agent and contain the following information —
                                                                  (a) the name and address, including, where appropriate, the trading or business name and the trading or, if registered in the Abu Dhabi Global Market, the registered office address of the debtor;
                                                                  (b) the enforcement agent's name, the reference number or numbers and the date of the notice;
                                                                  (c) that the enforcement agent has done one or more of the following —
                                                                  (i) entered the premises;
                                                                  (ii) taken control of goods in a public place;
                                                                  (iii) entered a vehicle in a public place with the intention of taking control of goods;
                                                                  (d) the address of the premises which the enforcement agent has entered or the location in or of the public place where the enforcement agent has taken control of goods or entered a vehicle;
                                                                  (e) where a vehicle in a public place has been entered with the intention of taking control of goods, the manufacturer, model, colour and registration mark of that vehicle; and
                                                                  (f) whether or not the enforcement agent has taken control of goods of the debtor and, if so, the location where and the time when control has been taken of the goods and —
                                                                  (i) a list of the goods of which control has been taken with a description to enable the debtor to identify the goods correctly, including, where applicable —
                                                                  a. the manufacturer, model and serial number of the goods;
                                                                  b. in the case of a vehicle, the manufacturer, model, colour and registration mark of the vehicle; and
                                                                  c. the material, colour and usage, and (where appropriate) any other identifying characteristic, of the goods;
                                                                  (ii) the amount of the sum outstanding as at the date of the notice;
                                                                  (iii) the date and time by which the sum outstanding must be paid to prevent the controlled goods being sold;
                                                                  (iv) how and between which hours and on which days payment of the sum outstanding may be made; and
                                                                  (v) that the controlled goods will be released on payment in full (or may be released on part payment) of the sum outstanding.
                                                                  (3) Where the enforcement agent is —
                                                                  (a) re-entering premises under paragraph 14 of Schedule 1 to inspect goods of which control has previously been taken; and
                                                                  (b) not using force to effect re-entry,
                                                                  the requirement to provide notice under paragraph 19(13) of Schedule 1 does not apply.
                                                                  (4) Paragraph (2)(f)(i) is complied with if —
                                                                  (a) the enforcement agent provides the debtor with a list of goods of which control has been taken under rule 12(3)(e) or rule 30(1)(e) at the same time as the notice; and
                                                                  (b) the goods of which control has been taken are the same as those referred to in the list mentioned in sub-paragraph (a).

                                                                • 28. Additional notice requirements where goods are immobilised

                                                                  (1) Subject to paragraph (2), where control is taken of goods of the debtor in any of the ways listed under paragraph 11(1) of Schedule 1 and the goods have been immobilised, the notice mentioned under rule 27(1) must also contain the information mentioned in rule 13(3) (written warning on immobilisation).
                                                                  (2) Where control is taken of goods under paragraph 11(1)(b) of Schedule 1 (goods found in a public place and secured in a public place) and the goods are a vehicle which are immobilised, the notice mentioned in rule 27(1) must also contain the information mentioned in rule 15(4) (written warning on immobilisation).

                                                                • 29. Additional notice requirements where goods are removed for storage or sale

                                                                  (1) Where control is taken of goods of the debtor under paragraph 11(1)(c) of Schedule 1 or controlled goods are removed to storage or for sale, the notice under rule 27(1) must also contain the following information —
                                                                  (a) that the enforcement agent has removed controlled goods to secure storage or for sale;
                                                                  (b) a list of the goods so removed (where the goods are different to those included in a list provided by virtue of rule 27(2)(f)(i));
                                                                  (c) the date of removal of the goods to storage or for sale;
                                                                  (d) the daily or weekly storage charge payable (in US$), where the goods are removed to storage; and
                                                                  (e) the procedure for collection by or on behalf of the debtor of goods of which control has been taken on payment of the sum outstanding or on part payment of the sum outstanding where an agreement is made between the enforcement agent and the debtor.
                                                                  (2) Where any of the information required by paragraph (1) is not known to the enforcement agent at the time of providing the notice to the debtor under rule 27(1) the enforcement agent must provide such information, in writing to the debtor, as soon as reasonably practicable.
                                                                  (3) Paragraph (1)(b) is complied with if the enforcement agent provides the debtor with a copy of the inventory required by paragraph 21 of Schedule 1 at the same time as the notice, which describes all goods removed to storage or for sale.

                                                              • Chapter 6: Chapter 6: Inventory

                                                                • 30. Inventory of goods of which control has been taken: form and contents

                                                                  (1) The inventory required by paragraph 21 of Schedule 1 must be in writing, be signed by the enforcement agent and contain the following information —
                                                                  (a) the name and address, including, where appropriate, the trading or business name and the trading or, if registered in the Abu Dhabi Global Market, the registered office address of the debtor;
                                                                  (b) the enforcement agent's name, the reference number or numbers and the date of the inventory;
                                                                  (c) the name and address, including, where appropriate, the trading or business name and the trading or, if registered in the Abu Dhabi Global Market, the registered office address of the co-owner, if any;
                                                                  (d) that the enforcement agent has taken control of the goods of the debtor or of the debtor and the co-owner as specified in the inventory; and
                                                                  (e) a list of the goods of which control has been taken with a description to enable the debtor or the co-owner to identify the goods correctly, including, where applicable —
                                                                  (i) the manufacturer, model and serial number of the goods;
                                                                  (ii) in the case of a vehicle, the manufacturer, model, colour and registration mark of the vehicle; and
                                                                  (iii) the material, colour and usage, and (where appropriate) any other identifying characteristic, of the goods.
                                                                  (2) The inventory may be combined with a controlled goods agreement under rule 12(1) or the notice required by paragraph 19(13) or 20(9) of Schedule 1 if —
                                                                  (a) the enforcement agent provides the debtor with the inventory at the same time as the controlled goods agreement or the notice; and
                                                                  (b) the goods of which control has been taken are the same as those listed in the list of goods of which control has been taken required by rule 12(3)(e) or rule 27(2)(f)(i).

                                                              • Chapter 7: Chapter 7: Dealing with Controlled Goods

                                                                • 31. Care of controlled goods

                                                                  (1) Where the enforcement agent removes controlled goods, other than securities, from premises or a public place where the enforcement agent has found them —
                                                                  (a) the enforcement agent must keep the controlled goods, so long as they remain in the enforcement agent's control in a similar condition to that in which the enforcement agent found them immediately prior to taking control of them;
                                                                  (b) the goods must be removed to storage, unless the goods are removed for sale; and
                                                                  (c) the storage must be secure and the conditions of that storage such as to prevent damage to or deterioration of the goods for so long as they remain in the enforcement agent's control.
                                                                  (2) The enforcement agent must not remove controlled goods to a place where there would be at any time a contravention of any prohibition or restriction by or under any Emirate law, or any Applicable Abu Dhabi Law or any ADGM enactment.

                                                              • Chapter 8: Chapter 8: Valuation

                                                                • 32. Valuation of controlled goods

                                                                  (1) This rule applies where an enforcement agent makes (paragraph (2)) or obtains (paragraph (3)) a valuation of controlled goods as required by paragraph 23(1) of Schedule 1.
                                                                  (2) Where the enforcement agent makes the valuation —
                                                                  (a) the valuation must be in writing, be signed by the enforcement agent and set out —
                                                                  (i) the enforcement agent's name, the reference number or numbers and the date of the valuation; and
                                                                  (ii) where appropriate, a separate value for each item of goods of which control has been taken; and
                                                                  (b) the enforcement agent must provide a copy of the written valuation, once made, to the debtor and any co-owner.
                                                                  (3) Where the enforcement agent obtains the valuation the enforcement agent must —
                                                                  (a) only instruct a qualified independent valuer;
                                                                  (b) instruct the valuer to make a written valuation and, where appropriate, to value each item of goods separately; and
                                                                  (c) provide a copy of the written valuation, once made by the valuer, to the debtor and any co-owner.

                                          • 3. 3. Jurisdiction of the Employment Division

                                            (1) Subject to rule 2(3), the Employment Division shall have exclusive jurisdiction to hear and determine all and any claims and disputes —
                                            (a) which relate to the enforcement of all rights and obligations under the Employment Regulations 2019; and
                                            (b) for the enforcement of any claim relating to employment matters to which sub-paragraph (a) does not apply.
                                            (2) The Employment Division shall not have jurisdiction to hear or determine any claim or dispute referred to in rule 2(1).

                                            • 3. 3. When an application may be heard

                                              No application for a certificate to be issued will be heard before the date in rule 2(5)(c).

                                              • PART 3 PART 3 — Sale Of Controlled Goods

                                                • PART 3 PART 3 — Decisions

                                                  • PART 3 PART 3 — Summary Process

                                                    • 3. 3. Fundamental ethical duties

                                                      (1) Lawyers must have regard to and apply the following fundamental ethical duties that underpin all aspects of their legal practice:
                                                      (a) uphold the rule of law and the proper administration of justice;
                                                      (b) act with honesty, integrity and fairness;
                                                      (c) deliver legal services competently, diligently and as promptly as reasonably possible;
                                                      (d) maintain their independence; and
                                                      (e) act in the best interests of each client.

                                                      • Chapter 1: Chapter 1: Securities

                                                        • 9. 9. Consideration of advice

                                                          Before making a decision under rule 12 in relation to a case, the Chief Justice must consider any advice provided by a person who or a body that has conducted an investigation into a case in accordance with rules made under rule 5.

                                                          • 10. 10. Scope

                                                            (1) This Part applies where the Bureau has —
                                                            (a) considered a complaint; and
                                                            (b) concluded that one of the grounds in rule 11 applies.

                                                            • 33. Part 3 not to apply to securities

                                                              This Part does not apply to controlled goods which are securities.

                                                          • Chapter 2: Chapter 2: Notice of Sale

                                                            • 10. 10. Further investigation

                                                              (1) This rule applies where the Chief Justice has considered advice in accordance with rule 9 and he requires further investigation before making a decision under rule 12.
                                                              (2) If the Chief Justice agrees, he may refer a case to a person or body listed in paragraph (3) to further investigate.
                                                              (3) The persons and bodies are —
                                                              (a) a nominated judge;
                                                              (b) an investigating judge; or
                                                              (c) a disciplinary panel.
                                                              (4) Any further investigation must be carried out in accordance with rules made under rule 5.

                                                              • 11. 11. Summary process

                                                                (1) The Bureau may advise the Chief Justice that the judicial office holder concerned should be removed from judicial office without further investigation where the judicial office holder concerned —
                                                                (a) has been convicted in the Emirate of a criminal offence and has been sentenced to imprisonment, including a suspended sentence;
                                                                (b) has been convicted elsewhere of any criminal offence which, if committed in the Emirate, would constitute a criminal offence, and has been sentenced to imprisonment, including a suspended sentence;
                                                                (c) has been committed to prison for contempt of court (including a suspended committal order);
                                                                (d) has been convicted or cautioned in any jurisdiction of an offence involving dishonesty, deception, theft or perverting the course of justice;
                                                                (e) has been convicted or cautioned in any jurisdiction of a sexual offence or of a violent offence;
                                                                (f) is an undischarged bankrupt or a person whose estate has had a sequestration awarded in respect of it and who has not been discharged;
                                                                (g) is subject to a disqualification order or disqualification undertaking under Chapters 9 and 10 of Part 10 of the Companies Regulations 2015;
                                                                (h) has failed to disclose information concerning their suitability to hold judicial office to the person who made the appointment or who made the recommendation or nomination for the appointment which the judicial office holder concerned knew about before their appointment to their judicial office;
                                                                (i) has at any time been subject to any investigation or proceedings concerning their fitness to practice by any licensing body, the final outcome of which was —
                                                                (i) the suspension of the judicial office holder concerned from a register held by the licensing body, and that suspension has not been terminated;
                                                                (ii) the removal of the name of the judicial office holder concerned from a register held by the licensing body;
                                                                (iii) a decision that had the effect of preventing the judicial office holder concerned from practising that profession licensed or regulated by the licensing body; or
                                                                (iv) a decision that had the effect of only allowing the judicial office holder concerned to practise that profession subject to conditions, and those conditions have not been lifted;
                                                                (j) has been removed from another judicial office in accordance with prescribed procedures;
                                                                (k) has failed without reasonable excuse to comply with any sitting requirement specified in the terms of appointment to the judicial office concerned; or
                                                                (1) is subject to any form of restriction or restraint in bringing proceedings before a court or a tribunal in any jurisdiction.
                                                                (2) For the purposes of this rule only, any reference to the Emirate includes the Abu Dhabi Global Market.

                                                                • 34. Minimum period before sale

                                                                  (1) Subject to paragraph (2), the minimum period before sale required by paragraph 26(1) and (2) of Schedule 1 is 7 clear days from removing controlled goods for sale.
                                                                  (2) Sale may take place on the business day after removing controlled goods for sale where, if the sale where to take place after the expiry of the period of time referred to in paragraph (1), the goods would become unsaleable, or their sale value would be extinguished or substantially reduced due to the nature of any characteristic of those goods.
                                                                  (3) Sale under this Part may not take place on any day other than a business day.

                                                                • 35. Minimum period of notice of sale

                                                                  (1) Subject to paragraph (2), the minimum period of notice of the date, time and place of sale required by paragraph 26(3) to (9) of Schedule 1 is 7 clear days before the sale of the goods.
                                                                  (2) Notice may be given on the business day before the sale of the goods where, if the sale were to take place after the expiry of the period of time referred to in paragraph (1), the goods would become unsaleable, or their sale value would be extinguished or substantially reduced due to the nature or any characteristic of those goods.

                                                                • 36. Form and contents of notice of sale

                                                                  (1) Notice of the date, time and place of the sale required by paragraph 26(3) to (9) of Schedule 1 must be made in writing, be signed by the enforcement agent and contain the following information —
                                                                  (a) the name and address, including, where appropriate, the trading or business name and the trading or, if registered in the Abu Dhabi Global Market, the registered office address of the debtor;
                                                                  (b) the enforcement agent's name, the reference number or numbers and the date of the notice;
                                                                  (c) the name and address, including, where appropriate, the trading or business name and the trading or, if registered in the Abu Dhabi Global Market, the registered office address of the co-owner, if any;
                                                                  (d) that the controlled goods may be sold as the debtor has failed to pay the sum outstanding;
                                                                  (e) a list of the controlled goods that may be sold with a description to enable the debtor or co-owner to identify the goods correctly, including, where applicable —
                                                                  (i) the manufacturer, model and serial number of the goods;
                                                                  (ii) in the case of a vehicle, the manufacturer, model, colour and registration mark of the vehicle; and
                                                                  (iii) the material, colour and usage and (where appropriate) any other identifying characteristic, of the goods;
                                                                  (f) that the sale of the controlled goods is conditional on —
                                                                  (i) an offer to purchase the goods being made; and
                                                                  (ii) the reserve price, if any, on the controlled goods being met;
                                                                  (g) that if the conditions in sub-paragraph (f) are not met the date, the time and place of sale will be set out in a further notice;
                                                                  (h) the amount of the sum outstanding as at the date of the notice;
                                                                  (i) the date and time by which the sum outstanding must be paid to prevent the controlled goods being sold;
                                                                  (j) how and between which hours and on which days payment of the sum outstanding may be made; and
                                                                  (k) the procedure for collection by or on behalf of the debtor or co-owner of goods of which control has been taken on payment of the sum outstanding or on part payment of the sum outstanding where an agreement is made between the enforcement agent and the debtor.
                                                                  (2) Where the conditions in paragraph (1)(f) are not met and a further notice is given to the debtor and any co-owner by virtue of paragraph (1)(g), the notice must —
                                                                  (a) comply with the requirements of rule 35;
                                                                  (b) provide the information required by paragraph (1); and
                                                                  (c) state that it is a further notice.
                                                                  (3) The enforcement agent may replace the notice with a new notice, in accordance with paragraph 26(5) of Schedule 1, only if —
                                                                  (a) the date, time or location of the sale has had to be re-arranged;
                                                                  (b) the minimum period of notice of the date, time and place of sale in the new notice is of the same period as in the notice which is to be replaced; and
                                                                  (c) the new notice sets out —
                                                                  (i) the information required by paragraph (1);
                                                                  (ii) that it is a new notice;
                                                                  (iii) that it replaces the last notice given to the debtor or co-owner; and
                                                                  (iv) the date of the notice which it replaces.

                                                                • 37. Method of giving notice of sale

                                                                  (1) The method of giving the notice of the date, time and place of sale required by paragraph 26(3) to (9) of Schedule 1 is the method required under rule 5(1) (method of giving notice).
                                                                  (2) For the purposes of this rule, references in rule 5(1) to a debtor include a co-owner.

                                                              • Chapter 3: Chapter 3: Sale

                                                                • 11. 11. Removal when other disciplinary power is recommended

                                                                  (1) This rule applies where —
                                                                  (a) advice has been provided to the Chief Justice by a person who or a body that has conducted an investigation into a case in accordance with rules made under rule 5; and
                                                                  (b) that advice does not recommend the removal or suspension of a judicial office holder from office but the Chief Justice considers removal or suspension to be the appropriate disciplinary action.
                                                                  (2) The Chief Justice must constitute a disciplinary panel and refer the complaint to it.
                                                                  (3) The disciplinary panel must —
                                                                  (a) investigate the case in accordance with rules made under rule 5; and
                                                                  (b) advise the Chief Justice whether disciplinary action should be taken, and if so, what disciplinary action should be taken.
                                                                  (4) The Chief Justice must consider the advice provided by the disciplinary panel before making a decision in accordance with rule 12.

                                                                  • 12. 12. Procedure

                                                                    (1) Before advice may be given under rule 11(1), the Bureau must give the judicial office holder concerned an opportunity to make representations as to —
                                                                    (a) whether the alleged ground took place; and
                                                                    (b) if so, why the judicial office holder concerned should not be removed from judicial office.
                                                                    (2) The judicial office holder concerned must provide the representations referred to in paragraph (1) within 14 business days of the date of the request for such representations.
                                                                    (3) The Bureau can continue to provide advice under rule 11(1) if —
                                                                    (a) the judicial office holder concerned has provided representations within the time allowed; or
                                                                    (b) the time allowed for providing representations has expired and the judicial office holder concerned has not provided any representations.

                                                                    • 38. Methods of sale

                                                                      (1) Where an enforcement agent applies to the Court under paragraph 26(11) of Schedule 1 for an order that the sale be by a method other than public auction, the types of sale the Court may order include sale by —
                                                                      (a) private contract;
                                                                      (b) sealed bids;
                                                                      (c) advertisement; and
                                                                      (d) such other method as the Court considers appropriate.
                                                                      (2) Where the enforcement agent has stated to the Court (as required by paragraph 26(13) of Schedule 1) that the enforcement agent has reason to believe that an enforcement power has become exercisable by another creditor against the debtor or a co-owner, the notice of application required by paragraph 26(14) of that Schedule must —
                                                                      (a) be in writing, signed by the enforcement agent and set out —
                                                                      (i) the name and address, including, where appropriate, the trading or business name and the trading or, if registered in the Abu Dhabi Global Market, the registered office address of the debtor;
                                                                      (ii) the enforcement agent's name, the reference number or numbers and the date of the notice;
                                                                      (b) attach a copy of the enforcement agent's application to the Court; and
                                                                      (c) be given to that other creditor —
                                                                      (i) by the enforcement agent; and
                                                                      (ii) by a method required under rule 5(1) (method of giving notice).
                                                                      (3) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(c)(ii), references in rule 5(1) to a debtor are to be read as a reference to the other creditor.

                                                                    • 39. Place of sale

                                                                      (1) Subject to paragraph (2), a sale of controlled goods by public auction may only be held in a public auction house or on an online or internet auction site.
                                                                      (2) The sale may be held on premises where goods were found by the enforcement agent where those premises are occupied solely for the purposes of a trade or business.
                                                                      (3) A sale of controlled goods by public auction in a public auction house will satisfy the requirement of paragraph (1) whether the public auction house is located in the Abu Dhabi Global Market or the Emirate.

                                                                    • 40. Conduct of sale

                                                                      Where controlled goods are sold by public auction, the auction must be conducted by —

                                                                      (a) a qualified auctioneer; or
                                                                      (b) where the auction takes place online or on an internet auction site, an auction provider independent of the enforcement agent.

                                                                  • 12. 12. Decision

                                                                    (1) This rule applies where the Chief Justice has considered advice in accordance with rule 9 and —
                                                                    (a) decides either not to exercise, or exercise further, his powers in rule 10; and
                                                                    (b) rule 11 does not apply.
                                                                    (2) The Chief Justice may agree —
                                                                    (a) to dismiss a case; or
                                                                    (b) to take a particular disciplinary action.
                                                                    (3) Where a case is dismissed, the Chief Justice may —
                                                                    (a) agree that the alleged conduct took place but did not constitute misconduct; and
                                                                    (b) deal with the matter informally.

                                                                    • 13. Report

                                                                      (1) The Bureau must prepare a report if it intends to advise the Chief Justice under rule 11(1).
                                                                      (2) The report must state —
                                                                      (a) that one or more of the grounds under rule 11(1) applies; and
                                                                      (b) any representations provided by the judicial office holder concerned under rule 12(1).

                                                                    • 13. 13. Notification of final decision

                                                                      The Bureau must inform the following personsof the decision made by the Chief Justice under rule 12

                                                                      (a) the judicial office holder concerned; and
                                                                      (b) the complainant.

                                                                      • 14. Reporting procedure

                                                                        The Bureau must send the report to —

                                                                        (a) the Chief Justice; and
                                                                        (b) the judicial office holder concerned.

                                                    • 4. 4. Jurisdiction of the Small Claims Division

                                                      (1) Subject to paragraph (2), the Small Claims Division shall have exclusive jurisdiction to hear and determine all and any claims and disputes falling within rule 2(1).—
                                                      (2) The Small Claims Division shall not have jurisdiction to hear or determine any claim or dispute —
                                                      (a) arising out of or in connection with family proceedings, arbitration claims or judicial review proceedings;
                                                      (b) falling within rules 2(3) or 3(1); or
                                                      (c) where the value of the claim or dispute exceeds US$100,000 (excluding any claim for interest or costs).

                                                      • 4. 4. Security

                                                        (1) The applicant must, before a certificate is issued —
                                                        (a) lodge in Court by way of bond security totalling US$10,000; or
                                                        (b) satisfy the Registrar that security totalling that amount is already subsisting by way of bond.
                                                        (2) The security must be retained once the certificate has been issued for the purpose of securing the certified person's duties as an enforcement agent and the payment of any reasonable costs, fees and expenses incurred in the investigation of any complaint made to the Court against the certified person in the capacity of an enforcement agent.
                                                        (3) The certified person must maintain the security throughout the duration of the certificate.
                                                        (4) If at any time during the duration of the certificate the security no longer exists, or is reduced in value so it totals less than US$10,000, the certified person must, by such time as the Court may direct, provide fresh security to the satisfaction of the Court.

                                                        • PART 4 PART 4 — Securities Of The Debtor

                                                          • PART 4 PART 4 — Miscellaneous

                                                            • PART 4 PART 4 — Consideration By Nominated Judge

                                                              • 4. 4. Duties owed to the Courts

                                                                (1) Lawyers shall deal with the Courts and its staff honestly, co-operatively and with civility.
                                                                (2) When dealing with the Courts, lawyers:
                                                                (a) must comply with their duties to the Courts;
                                                                (b) where relevant, must inform the client of the circumstances in which their duties to the Courts outweigh their obligations to the client;
                                                                (c) must comply with Courts' orders which place obligations on them; and
                                                                (d) must not place themselves in contempt of court.
                                                                (3) Lawyers shall not engage in conduct that undermines the dignity and authority of the Courts or which may otherwise result in procedural unfairness.
                                                                (4) Lawyers shall ensure that they are familiar with ADGM laws and ADGM Courts Regulations and Rules as may be relevant to the matter before the Courts.
                                                                (5) Lawyers shall inform the Courts of all relevant case decisions, legal authority, legislative provisions and any procedural irregularity of which they are aware, regardless of whether the effect is favourable or unfavourable to the contention for which they argue.
                                                                (6) Lawyers must not attempt to deceive or knowingly or recklessly mislead the Courts by making incorrect or misleading statements of fact or law to the Courts and shall take all necessary steps to correct any incorrect or misleading statement of fact or law at the earliest opportunity.
                                                                (7) Lawyers must not publish any material concerning proceedings that are active which may prejudice a fair trial or the administration of justice or amount to contempt of court as provided in section 96 of the ADGM Courts Regulations.
                                                                (8) Lawyers must not give an undertaking to the Court, unless they believe that the undertaking is appropriate in all the circumstances and are satisfied, at the time the undertaking is given, that they or their client will be able to honour the undertaking.
                                                                (9) Lawyers shall not conduct proceedings before the Court in any matter in which they have reason to believe they may be a witness, save where any evidence they may give is likely to be purely formal or uncontroversial and it is clear that this will not prejudice the lawyer's independence or the interest of the client or the interest of justice.

                                                                • 41. 41. Part 4 only to apply to securities

                                                                  This Part only applies to controlled goods which are securities.

                                                                  • 14. 14. Suspension

                                                                    (1) Where a person or body conducting an investigation into a complaint or otherwise considers that the matter should be referred to the Chief Justice with a view to the exercise of the power under section 214(4)(a) or (b) of the Regulations to suspend the judicial office holder, that person or body must send a report to that effect to the Chief Justice.
                                                                    (2) If the Chief Justice decides to suspend a judicial office holder from their office under section 214(4) of the Regulations, the Chief Justice must —
                                                                    (a) notify the judicial office holder of the suspension, the reasons for it and if the suspension is not immediate, the time when it comes into effect;
                                                                    (b) notify the judicial office holder of the factors that will be taken into account in determining when the suspension will end; and
                                                                    (c) invite the judicial office holder to make representations.
                                                                    (3) The judicial office holder must make any representations within 10 business days of the notification under paragraph (1).
                                                                    (4) Where, after a suspension comes into effect, any of the factors which the Chief Justice has indicated would be taken into account in accordance with paragraph (2)(b) become operative, or any other matter which the Chief Justice considers relevant arises, the Chief Justice must —
                                                                    (a) decide whether continuation of the suspension is appropriate;
                                                                    (b) notify the judicial office holder of his decision under sub-paragraph (a) and of the reasons for that decision; and
                                                                    (c) invite the judicial office holder to make representations.
                                                                    (5) The judicial office holder may make any representations within 10 business days of a notification under paragraph (3).

                                                                    • 15. Scope

                                                                      This Part applies where —

                                                                      (a) the Bureau refers a complaint to a nominated judge under rule 7(5); or
                                                                      (b) the Chief Justice refers a complaint to a nominated judge under rule 10 of the Judicial Discipline Rules.

                                                                    • 42. 42. Holding of securities

                                                                      (1) The enforcement agent may hold securities until they mature.
                                                                      (2) While holding securities, the enforcement agent must ensure each security has the benefit of the same protection in every respect (for example, from damage, destruction, theft or unauthorised or fraudulent interference) as that security had immediately before the enforcement agent took control of it.

                                                                      • 15. 15. Publication of decision

                                                                        (1) The Chief Justice may agree to the publication of information about disciplinary proceedings or the taking of disciplinary action.
                                                                        (2) Publication for this purpose means any form of communication which is addressed to an individual, a section of the public or the public at large.

                                                                        • 16. Consideration by nominated judge

                                                                          (1) The nominated judge must consider a complaint and —
                                                                          (a) determine the facts of the matter;
                                                                          (b) determine whether the facts amount to misconduct; and
                                                                          (c) advise as to whether disciplinary action should be taken and, if so, what.
                                                                          (2) Any question as to whether a fact is established must be decided on the balance of probabilities.
                                                                          (3) For the purposes of considering a complaint, the nominated judge may —
                                                                          (a) make such inquiries into the allegation as they consider appropriate;
                                                                          (b) request any documents which appear to be relevant;
                                                                          (c) interview any person they consider appropriate.

                                                                        • 43. 43. Disposal of securities

                                                                          (1) The minimum period of notice required by paragraph 30(5) of Schedule 1 (which requires the enforcement agent to give notice to the debtor, etc. of the disposal of securities) is 7 clear days.
                                                                          (2) Subject to paragraph (3), the notice must be in writing, be signed by the enforcement agent and contain the following information —
                                                                          (a) the name and address, including, where appropriate, the trading or business name and the trading or, if registered in the Abu Dhabi Global Market, the registered office address of the debtor;
                                                                          (b) the enforcement agent's name, the reference number or numbers and the date of the notice;
                                                                          (c) the name and address, including, where appropriate, the trading or business name and the trading or, if registered in the Abu Dhabi Global Market, the registered office address of the co-owner, if any;
                                                                          (d) for each security, sufficient details of the security to enable the debtor or any co-owner to identify the security correctly;
                                                                          (e) that the securities may be disposed of by —
                                                                          (i) realising the sums secured or made payable by them;
                                                                          (ii) the creditor issuing proceedings in the name of the debtor (or in the name of any person in whose name the debtor might have sued) for the recovery of any sum secured or made payable by securities, when the time of payment arrives; or
                                                                          (iii) the creditor assigning the right to sue for the recovery of such sums to another person;
                                                                          (f) the date and time when the sums will be realised, where sub-paragraph (e)(i) applies;
                                                                          (g) the amount of the sum outstanding as at the date of the notice;
                                                                          (h) the date and time by which the sum outstanding must be paid to prevent the securities being disposed of;
                                                                          (i) how and between which hours and on which days payment of the sum outstanding may be made; and
                                                                          (j) the procedure for release to the debtor or co-owner of the securities of which control has been taken on payment of the sum outstanding or on part payment of the sum outstanding where an agreement is made between the enforcement agent and the debtor.
                                                                          (3) Where paragraph (2)(e)(ii) or (iii) applies, the notice must also provide for the following information —
                                                                          (a) the name and address, including, where appropriate, the trading or business name and the trading or, if registered in the Abu Dhabi Global Market, the registered office address of the applicant to the proceedings;
                                                                          (b) the names and addresses, including, where appropriate, the trading or business names and the trading or, if registered in the Abu Dhabi Global Market, the registered office addresses of the defendants to the proceedings;
                                                                          (c) the amount of the claim —
                                                                          (i) in respect of each security; and
                                                                          (ii) in total.
                                                                          (4) The enforcement agent may replace the notice with a new notice, in accordance with paragraph 30(8) of Schedule 1, only if —
                                                                          (a) the method of disposal under paragraph (2)(e) has changed; or
                                                                          (b) the date or time of the disposal under paragraph (2)(f) has had to be re-arranged,
                                                                          and the new notice complies with the requirements of paragraph (5).
                                                                          (5) Where the notice is replaced with a new notice under paragraph (4) —
                                                                          (a) the minimum period of notice given in the new notice must be the same period as in the notice which is to be replaced; and
                                                                          (b) the new notice must provide the following information —
                                                                          (i) the information required by paragraph (2);
                                                                          (ii) the information required by paragraph (3), where paragraph (2)(e)(ii) or (iii) applies;
                                                                          (iii) that it is a new notice;
                                                                          (iv) that it replaces the last notice given to the debtor or co-owner; and
                                                                          (v) the date of the notice which it replaces.
                                                                          (6) The method of giving the notice is the method required under rule 5(1) (method of giving notice) and for the purposes of this rule, references in that rule to a debtor include a co-owner.

                                                                          • 16. 16. Delegation

                                                                            The Chief Justice may delegate any function under these Rules other than the power to make rules under rule 5(1).

                                                                            • 17. Dismissal, referral and recommendations by nominated judge

                                                                              (1) The nominated judge may —
                                                                              (a) in the case of a referral of a complaint by the Chief Justice, advise the Chief Justice that a complaint should be dismissed;
                                                                              (b) dismiss a complaint;
                                                                              (c) deal with a complaint informally and direct that it may be considered as a pastoral or training matter;
                                                                              (d) recommend that disciplinary action should be taken; or
                                                                              (e) refer a complaint to an investigating judge in accordance with paragraph (4).
                                                                              (2) A nominated judge may only dismiss a complaint under paragraph (1)(b) or make a direction under paragraph (1)(c) where they consider that there has been no misconduct.
                                                                              (3) Where the nominated judge dismisses a complaint under paragraph (1)(b) or makes a direction under paragraph (1)(c), they must inform the —
                                                                              (a) complainant of the dismissal and the reasons for it and, if applicable, that a direction has been given that the complaint is to be considered as a pastoral or training matter; and
                                                                              (b) judicial office holder concerned.
                                                                              (4) The nominated judge may refer a complaint, or part of a complaint, to an investigating judge to investigate in accordance with Part 5 where they consider that a complaint is sufficiently serious or complex or that a detailed investigation is required to establish the facts of a complaint.
                                                                              (5) Where a complaint is referred to an investigating judge, the nominated judge must inform the judicial office holder concerned and the complainant accordingly.

                                                                            • 17. 17. Ceasing to hold office

                                                                              (1) Subject to paragraph (2), where the judicial office holder concerned ceases to hold their office, consideration of the complaint under these Rules or rules made under rule 5 must cease.
                                                                              (2) The Chief Justice may continue to deal with the case and then make a finding of misconduct in relation to the judicial office holder concerned where the circumstances in paragraph (3) apply.
                                                                              (3) The circumstances are —
                                                                              (a) the judicial office holder concerned ceases to hold their office;
                                                                              (b) a disciplinary panel or an investigating judge proposes to advise, or has advised, the Chief Justice that the judicial office holder concerned should be removed from holding their office; and
                                                                              (c) no decision has been made under rule 12.

                                                                              • 18. Report of nominated judge

                                                                                (1) The nominated judge must prepare a report if they —
                                                                                (a) advise the Chief Justice under rule 17(1)(a) to dismiss a complaint;
                                                                                (b) recommend that disciplinary action should be taken.
                                                                                (2) Where the nominated judge advises dismissal of a complaint the report must state —
                                                                                (a) the findings of fact made by nominated judge; and
                                                                                (b) the reasons why the complaint should be dismissed.
                                                                                (3) Where the nominated judge considers that the judicial office holder concerned should be removed or suspended from judicial office the report must state —
                                                                                (a) the findings of fact made by the nominated judge;
                                                                                (b) the nature of the misconduct; and
                                                                                (c) the reasons why the nominated judge considers removal or suspension from judicial office to be an appropriate sanction.
                                                                                (4) Where the nominated judge considers that some other disciplinary action should be taken in relation to the complaint the report must state —
                                                                                (a) the findings of fact made by the nominated judge;
                                                                                (b) the nature of the misconduct;
                                                                                (c) the disciplinary action that the nominated judge considers should be taken and the reasons for such action; and
                                                                                (d) the reasons why the nominated judge considers that further investigation is not necessary.

                                                                              • 18. 18. Transitional provision

                                                                                These Rules apply to any case under consideration before these Rules come into force which has not been withdrawn, dismissed or determined.

                                                                                • 19. Reporting procedure and referral to a disciplinary panel

                                                                                  (1) The nominated judge must send their report to the Bureau.
                                                                                  (2) The Bureau must send the report to the judicial office holder concerned at the same time as it is sent to the Bureau.
                                                                                  (3) When sending the report to the judicial office holder concerned and where the report recommends removal or suspension from judicial office, the Bureau must ask the judicial office holder concerned if they require a disciplinary panel to consider the complaint.
                                                                                  (4) The judicial office holder concerned may —
                                                                                  (a) provide comments on the nominated judge's report to the Bureau;
                                                                                  (b) make representations to the Bureau regarding the need for further investigation into the complaint;
                                                                                  (c) where the report recommends removal or suspension from judicial office, state whether they require a disciplinary panel to consider the complaint.
                                                                                  (5) The judicial office holder concerned must respond under paragraph (4) within 14 business days of the day that the report is sent to them.
                                                                                  (6) If the judicial office holder concerned confirms in accordance with paragraph (4)(c) that they require a disciplinary panel to consider the complaint, the Bureau must —
                                                                                  (a) refer the complaint to a disciplinary panel in accordance with Part 6 of these Rules; and
                                                                                  (b) send the report and any comments received under paragraph (4) to the disciplinary panel.
                                                                                  (7) In all other cases where a report has been prepared under rule 18(1), the Bureau must send the report and comments to the Chief Justice.

                                                              • 5. 5. Interpretation

                                                                In these Rules, unless the context otherwise provides or requires —

                                                                (a) "Abu Dhabi Global Market" means the financial free zone established by Federal Decree No. (15) of 2013 issued by the President of the United Arab Emirates, as delimited by Resolution No. (4) of 2013 of the Cabinet of the United Arab Emirates and as governed by the ADGM Founding Law;
                                                                (b) "ADGM enactment" means ADGM regulations and any rules made under ADGM regulations, including court procedure rules;
                                                                (c) "ADGM Founding Law" means Law No. (4) of 2013 concerning the Abu Dhabi Global Market, as amended by Law No. (12) of 2020, issued by His Highness the Ruler;
                                                                (d) "ADGM regulations" means regulations enacted by the Board under Article 6(1) of the ADGM Founding Law;
                                                                (e) "Board" means the Board of Directors of the Abu Dhabi Global Market as constituted by Article 4 of the ADGM Founding Law;
                                                                (f) “commercial claim or dispute” means any claim or dispute arising out of the transaction of trade or commerce;
                                                                (g) "Chief Justice" means the Chief Justice of the Abu Dhabi Global Market Courts appointed under Article 13(2) of the ADGM Founding Law;
                                                                (h) "court procedure rules" means rules made in accordance with Part 7 of the Regulations;
                                                                (i) "family proceedings" means Personal Status litigations or lawsuits in accordance with Federal Law No. (28) of 2005;
                                                                (j) "His Highness the Ruler" means the Ruler of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi;
                                                                (k) "jurisdiction" includes powers;

                                                                • 5. 5. Duration of certificates

                                                                  (1) A certificate has effect, unless cancelled, for 2 years from the date on which it was issued, subject in the case of a replacement certificate to rule 6(3).
                                                                  (2) Every certificate must state the date on which it ceases to have effect.

                                                                  • PART 5 PART 5 — Abandonment Of Goods

                                                                    • PART 5 PART 5 — Interpretation, Citation, Commencement And Extent

                                                                      • PART 5 PART 5 — Judicial Investigation

                                                                        • 5. 5. Communication with the Courts

                                                                          (1) Lawyers must not, outside an ex parte application or a hearing of which an opponent has had proper notice, have any communication with the Courts, or with a judge of the Courts, concerning any proceedings —
                                                                          (a) which are, or will be, before the Courts; and
                                                                          (b) in respect of which the lawyer represents any party or any other interested person.
                                                                          (2) If, despite paragraph (1), a lawyer has any ex parte communication with the Courts, or with a judge of the Courts, the lawyer must inform every other party to the proceedings of the communication as soon as possible.

                                                                          • 44. 44. Abandonment of goods other than securities

                                                                            (1) This rule applies where, pursuant to paragraph 34(3)(b) of Schedule 1, the enforcement agent makes controlled goods, which are abandoned, available for collection by the debtor.
                                                                            (2) Where the goods are immobilised, the enforcement agent must on (but not before) collection by the debtor, remove all immobilisation devices from the goods.
                                                                            (3) Where the enforcement agent removed goods from where they were found, the enforcement agent must as soon as reasonably practicable give the debtor a written notice, signed by the enforcement agent which must contain the following information —
                                                                            (a) the name and address, including, where appropriate, the trading or business name and the trading or, if registered in the Abu Dhabi Global Market, the registered office address of the debtor;
                                                                            (b) the enforcement agent's name, reference number or numbers and the date of the notice;
                                                                            (c) that the controlled goods are abandoned and the reason why they are abandoned;
                                                                            (d) a list of the abandoned goods with a description of each to enable the debtor to identify the goods correctly, including, where applicable —
                                                                            (i) the manufacturer, model and serial number of the goods;
                                                                            (ii) in the case of a vehicle, the manufacturer, model, colour and registration mark of the vehicle;
                                                                            (iii) the material, colour and usage, and (where appropriate) any other identifying characteristic of the goods;
                                                                            (e) that the goods are available for collection by the debtor;
                                                                            (f) the procedure for collection of the goods; and
                                                                            (g) that if the debtor fails to collect the goods within 28 days from when the goods were made available for collection, the enforcement agent will make an application to the Court for determination of how the uncollected goods are to be disposed of.
                                                                            (4) The method of giving notice is the method required under rule 5(1) (method of giving notice).
                                                                            (5) Where the debtor fails to collect the controlled goods within 28 days from when the goods were made available for collection, the enforcement agent must apply to the Court to determine how the uncollected goods are to be disposed of.
                                                                            (6) On application by the enforcement agent under paragraph (5), the Court may make one of the following order —
                                                                            (a) that the goods are to be made available for collection by the debtor during a further period of time (to be determined by the Court);
                                                                            (b) that the goods are to be —
                                                                            (i) given to a charitable organisation nominated by the Court; or
                                                                            (ii) destroyed; or
                                                                            (c) that the goods are to be made available for collection by the debtor during a further period of time (to be determined by the Court) and, if not collected during that period, are to be —
                                                                            (i) given to a charitable organisation nominated by the Court; or
                                                                            (ii) destroyed.

                                                                            • 19. 19. Interpretation

                                                                              In these Rules, unless the context otherwise provides or requires —

                                                                              (a) "Abu Dhabi Global Market" means the financial free zone established by Federal Decree No. (15) of 2013 issued by the President of the United Arab Emirates, as delimited by Resolution No. (4) of 2013 of the Cabinet of the United Arab Emirates and as governed by the ADGM Founding Law;
                                                                              (b) "ADGM Founding Law" means Law No. (4) of 2013 concerning the Abu Dhabi Global Market issued by His Highness the Ruler;
                                                                              (c) "Board" means the Board of Directors of the Abu Dhabi Global Market as constituted by Article 4 of the ADGM Founding Law;
                                                                              (d) "business day" means any day other than a Friday, Saturday or a public holiday;
                                                                              (e) "case" means a complaint or issue of misconduct being considered under these Rules;
                                                                              (f) "Chief Justice" means the Chief Justice of the Abu Dhabi Global Market Courts appointed under Article 13(2) of the ADGM Founding Law;
                                                                              (g) "complaint" means a complaint containing an allegation of misconduct by a person holding judicial office;
                                                                              (h) "disciplinary action" means the exercise by the Chief Justice of any of the Chief Justice's powers under section 214(3) and (4) of the Regulations;
                                                                              (i) "disciplinary panel" has the meaning given by rule 8;
                                                                              (j) "His Highness the Ruler" means the ruler of the Emirate of Abu Dhabifrom time to time;
                                                                              (k) "investigating judge" has the meaning in rule 7;
                                                                              (l) "Judge of the ADGM Courts" means, as the context requires, the Chief Justice, Justice of Appeal or Justice of First Instance and includes, as necessary, temporary and Associate Judges of the Court of First Instance;
                                                                              (m) "judicial office" means any Judge of the ADGM Courts and "judicial office holder" shall be construed accordingly;
                                                                              (n) "judicial office holder concerned" means the holder of a judicial office whose conduct is being considered in accordance with these Rules;
                                                                              (o) "nominated judge" has the meaning given in rule 6;
                                                                              (p) "public holiday" means New Year's day, Al-Mawlid Al Nabawi, Israa & Miaraj Night, Start of Ramadan, Eid Al Fitr, Arafat (Haj) Day, Eid Al Adha, Hijri New Year's Day, UAE National Day and any other day declared to be a public holiday by the government of the United Arab Emirates;
                                                                              (q) "Registrar" means the Registrar and Chief Executive of the Abu Dhabi Global Market Courts;
                                                                              (r) "the Regulations" means the ADGM Courts, Civil Evidence, Judgments, Enforcement and Judicial Appointments Regulations 2015.

                                                                              • 20. Scope

                                                                                This Part applies where a referral is made to an investigating judge by —

                                                                                (a) a nominated judge under rule 17(4); or
                                                                                (b) the Chief Justice under rule 10 of the Judicial Discipline Rules.

                                                                              • 20. 20. Correction of errors in the Rules

                                                                                The Registrar may, after consultation with the Chief Justice, at any time correct an accidental slip or omission in these Rules.

                                                                                • 21. Nomination of investigating judge

                                                                                  The investigating judge must be nominated in accordance with rule 7 of the Judicial Discipline Rules.

                                                                                • 21. 21. Short title, extent and commencement

                                                                                  (1) These Rules may be cited as the Judicial Discipline Prescribed Procedures Rules 2015.
                                                                                  (2) These Rules shall apply in the whole of the Abu Dhabi Global Market.
                                                                                  (3) These Rules shall come into force on the date of their publication (the "Commencement Date"). The Chief Justice may by rules make any transitional, transitory, consequential, saving, incidental or supplementary provision in relation to the commencement of these Rules as the Chief Justice thinks fit.
                                                                                  (4) Nothing in these Rules shall have retrospective effect.
                                                                                  (5) On and from the Commencement Date, any law previously in force in the Abu Dhabi Global Market which is inconsistent with, or deals with the same subject matter as these Rules, shall, subject to the ADGM Founding Law or the Regulations, cease to have any effect or force in the Abu Dhabi Global Market.

                                                                                  • 22. Investigation by an investigating judge

                                                                                    (1) The investigating judge must consider a complaint and —
                                                                                    (a) determine the facts of the matter;
                                                                                    (b) determine whether the facts amount to misconduct; and
                                                                                    (c) advise as to whether disciplinary action should be taken and, if so, what.
                                                                                    (2) Any question as to whether a fact is established must be decided on the balance of probabilities.
                                                                                    (3) The investigating judge must —
                                                                                    (a) decide how to conduct the investigation;
                                                                                    (b) notify the judicial office holder concerned and any complainant of the proposals for the conduct of the investigation, and whether oral evidence will be taken;
                                                                                    (c) invite the judicial office holder concerned to give evidence and make representations about the procedure adopted; and
                                                                                    (d) record any representations on the proposals that are received.
                                                                                    (4) The investigating judge may invite the complainant or any person who may be able to assist the investigation to give evidence (including oral evidence) about the case if it is considered necessary to do so.
                                                                                    (5) Any evidence or representations from the complainant, the judicial office holder concerned or any other person must be provided to the investigating judge within 10 business days of an invitation under paragraphs (3)(c) or (4).
                                                                                    (6) The investigating judge must disclose any evidence obtained under paragraph (4) to the judicial office holder concerned and must invite them to make representations on the evidence.
                                                                                    (7) The judicial office holder concerned must make any representations under paragraph (6) within 10 business days of the invitation under that paragraph.

                                                                                  • 23. Report of investigating judge

                                                                                    (1) The investigating judge may decide the form of their report.
                                                                                    (2) The investigating judge must disclose a draft of their report to the judicial office holder concerned and invite the judicial office holder concerned to comment on it, including proposals for changes to the report.
                                                                                    (3) The investigating judge must disclose a draft of their report to the complainant or any other person who may be affected by its contents, and invite them to comment on it, including proposals for changes to the report.
                                                                                    (4) Disclosure of the draft report under paragraph (3) —
                                                                                    (a) may be of the whole or part; and
                                                                                    (b) may be in the form of a summary.
                                                                                    (5) Any comments must be provided to the investigating judge within ten business days of disclosure of the draft report under paragraphs (2) and (3).
                                                                                    (6) After considering any comments received in accordance with paragraphs (2) and (3) the investigating judge must —
                                                                                    (a) complete their report and submit it to the Chief Justice with details of any requested changes which the investigating judge has not made; and
                                                                                    (b) send a copy of their report to the judicial office holder concerned.

                                                                        • 6. 6. Correction of errors in the Rules

                                                                          The Chief Justice may, after consultation with the Chairman of the Board, at any time correct an accidental slip or omission in these Rules.

                                                                          • 6. 6. Issue of replacement certificate following change of relevant details

                                                                            (1) If there is for any certified person a change in any of the matters referred to in rules 2(2)(a), (b) and (c) (name, employer and business address of certified person), the certified person must as soon as possible provide written notification in English to the Court of the change or changes, and produce the certificate to the Court.
                                                                            (2) Where a certified person notifies the Court and produces the certificate in accordance with paragraph (1), the certificate must be cancelled, and a replacement certificate issued to the certified person, as soon as possible.
                                                                            (3) The replacement certificate must reflect the change notified, but in all other respects, including the date on which it ceases to have effect, must be the same as the cancelled certificate.
                                                                            (4) No fee is payable for cancellation of a certificate and issue of a replacement certificate under this regulation.

                                                                            • PART 6 PART 6 — Third Party Claiming Controlled Goods

                                                                              • PART 6 PART 6 — Disciplinary Panel

                                                                                • 6. 6. Relationship with the Courts or Clients

                                                                                  (1) A lawyer must not appear before the Courts in any proceedings where —
                                                                                  (a) by reason of the lawyer's relationship with a judge of the Courts or any individual sitting with the Courts, the impartial administration of justice may appear to be prejudiced; or
                                                                                  (b) by reason of the lawyer's relationship with a client, it will be difficult for the lawyer to maintain the professional independence of the lawyer.
                                                                                  (2) Where sub-paragraph (a) or (b) of paragraph (1) applies, the lawyer must notify the Courts of the relationship referred to in the applicable sub-paragraph, and cease to participate in the whole, or such part, of the proceedings as the Courts may direct.

                                                                                  • 45. 45. Application of Part 6

                                                                                    This Part applies where a person ("the applicant") makes an application to the Court claiming that the goods of which control has been taken are that person's and not the debtor's.

                                                                                    • 24. Scope

                                                                                      This Part applies where —

                                                                                      (a) the judicial office holder concerned has confirmed under rule 19(4)(c) that they require a disciplinary panel to consider the complaint;
                                                                                      (b) the Chief Justice has referred a complaint to a disciplinary panel under rule 10 or 11 of the Judicial Discipline Rules; or
                                                                                      (c) a referral is made under rule 30(3)(b)(iv).

                                                                                    • 46. 46. Payments into Court by third party: underpayments

                                                                                      (1) Any underpayment to be determined by reference to an independent valuation under paragraph 39(5) of Schedule 1 must be undertaken by a qualified independent valuer.
                                                                                      (2) Any underpayment determined by the qualified independent valuer must be paid within 14 clear days after provision of a copy of the valuation to the applicant.

                                                                                      • 25. Disciplinary panel

                                                                                        The disciplinary panel must be convened in accordance with rule 8 of the Judicial Discipline Rules.

                                                                                      • 26. Functions of a disciplinary panel

                                                                                        (1) A disciplinary panel may consider and review —
                                                                                        (a) any findings of fact;
                                                                                        (b) any recommendation as to the conduct of the judicial office holder concerned; and
                                                                                        (c) any proposed disciplinary action.
                                                                                        (2) Where a disciplinary panel reviews any findings of fact under paragraph (1)(a), any question as to whether the fact is established must be decided on the balance of probabilities.
                                                                                        (3) Where a nominated judge has recommended that the judicial office holder concerned should be removed or suspended from their judicial office, the disciplinary panel must advise the Chief Justice whether removal or suspension is justified.

                                                                                      • 27. Procedure of disciplinary panel

                                                                                        (1) The disciplinary panel may —
                                                                                        (a) make such inquiries as it considers are appropriate to fulfil its functions;
                                                                                        (b) request any documents which appear to be relevant.
                                                                                        (2) A disciplinary panel must take oral evidence from the judicial office holder concerned unless it considers it unnecessary to do so.
                                                                                        (3) A disciplinary panel may take evidence, including oral evidence, from any other person.

                                                                                      • 28. Report and recommendation

                                                                                        The disciplinary panel must prepare a report that sets out —

                                                                                        (a) the facts of the case;
                                                                                        (b) whether in its opinion there has been any misconduct; and
                                                                                        (c) whether disciplinary action should be taken and, if so, what.

                                                                                      • 29. Report procedure

                                                                                        (1) The disciplinary panel must send its draft report to the judicial office holder concerned.
                                                                                        (2) The disciplinary panel must disclose its draft report to the complainant or any other person who may be affected by its contents.
                                                                                        (3) Disclosure of the report under paragraph (2) —
                                                                                        (a) may be of the whole or part;
                                                                                        (b) may be in the form of a summary.
                                                                                        (4) The disciplinary panel must invite each person to whom it discloses its report to comment on it.
                                                                                        (5) Any comments on the report must be made within 10 business days of the day on which the report was sent by the disciplinary panel.
                                                                                        (6) In finalising its report the disciplinary panel —
                                                                                        (a) must have regard to any comments received under paragraph (4); and
                                                                                        (b) must include those comments with its report.
                                                                                        (7) The disciplinary panel must send its report to the Chief Justice.

                                                                                • 7. 7. Short title, extent, commencement and savings

                                                                                  (1) These Rules may be cited as the Divisions and Jurisdiction (Court of First Instance) Rules 2015.
                                                                                  (2) These Rules shall apply in the whole of the Abu Dhabi Global Market.
                                                                                  (3) These Rules shall come into force on the date of their publication (the "Commencement Date"). The Board may by rules make any transitional, transitory, consequential, saving, incidental or supplementary provision in relation to the commencement of these Rules as the Board thinks fit.
                                                                                  (4) Nothing in these Rules shall have retrospective effect.
                                                                                  (5) On and from the Commencement Date, any law previously in force in the Abu Dhabi Global Market which is inconsistent with, or deals with the same subject matter as, these Rules shall, subject to the ADGM Founding Law, cease to have any effect or force in the Abu Dhabi Global Market.

                                                                                  • 7. 7. Complaints as to fitness to hold a certificate

                                                                                    (1) Any person who considers that a certified person, by reason of that certified person's conduct in acting as an enforcement agent, or for any other reason, is not a fit person to hold a certificate, may submit a written complaint in English to the Court.
                                                                                    (2) No fee is payable for submitting a complaint under paragraph (1).
                                                                                    (3) A complaint submitted under paragraph (1) must provide details of the matter complained of and explain the reason or reasons why the certified person is not a fit person to hold a certificate.
                                                                                    (4) No complaint submitted under paragraph (1) may be considered by the Registrar until the certified person has been provided with a copy of the complaint and given an opportunity to respond to it in writing.
                                                                                    (5) If on considering the complaint and the certified person's response the Registrar is satisfied that the certified person remains a fit and proper person to hold a certificate, the complaint must be dismissed.
                                                                                    (6) If —
                                                                                    (a) the certified person fails to respond; or
                                                                                    (b) on considering the complaint and the certified person's response the Registrar is not satisfied that the certified person remains a fit and proper person to hold a certificate,
                                                                                    the complaint must be considered at a hearing.
                                                                                    (7) If a complaint is to be considered at a hearing under paragraph (6) —
                                                                                    (a) the certified person must attend for examination and may make representations; and
                                                                                    (b) the complainant may attend and make representations, or may make written representations in English.
                                                                                    (8) If after a hearing the Registrar is satisfied that the certified person remains a fit and proper person to hold a certificate, the complaint must be dismissed.
                                                                                    (9) No appeal lies against the dismissal of a complaint under paragraphs (5) or (8).

                                                                                    • PART 7 PART 7 — Commercial Rent Arrears Recovery (CRAR)

                                                                                      • PART 7 PART 7 — Miscellaneous

                                                                                        • 7. 7. Duties owed to the Courts and Clients

                                                                                          (1) Lawyers must act in the best interests of each client and represent each client's case in a manner that is consistent with the proper administration of justice.
                                                                                          (2) Lawyers who represent clients before the Courts must:
                                                                                          (a) at the earliest opportunity, inform the Courts and every other party to the proceedings of their identity and that they represent the client; and
                                                                                          (b) promptly inform the Courts and every other party to the proceedings of any change in such representation.
                                                                                          (3) When acting for a client in any proceedings before the Courts, lawyers —
                                                                                          (a) must not express their personal opinion of the client's conduct or allow their personal feelings to affect their duty to the Courts;
                                                                                          (b) not knowingly or recklessly advance any submission, opinion or proposition which they know or ought to reasonably know, is contrary to the law; and
                                                                                          (c) must disclose to the Courts every relevant fact, item of evidence, item of information or other matter which they are required by law to disclose to the Courts.
                                                                                          (4) Lawyers shall not agree to act for a client in any proceedings before the Courts where a client's best interests may conflict with their or their law firms' own interests in the same or related proceedings.
                                                                                          (5) Lawyers shall not seek to prolong court proceedings unnecessarily, nor shall they undertake work in a manner which improperly increases their fees.
                                                                                          (6) Lawyers shall keep information communicated to them by their client confidential unless such disclosure is authorised by the client, ordered by the Courts or required by law.

                                                                                          • Chapter 1: Chapter 1: General

                                                                                            • 30. 30. Re-opening a case that has been dismissed

                                                                                              (1) A nominated judge may re-open a complaint that has been dismissed where they receive new information concerning a complaint.
                                                                                              (2) For these purposes, new information means information which —
                                                                                              (a) relates to judicial misconduct;
                                                                                              (b) is cogent and credible;
                                                                                              (c) has not already been considered under these Rules; and
                                                                                              (d) is sufficiently serious to justify re-opening a complaint.
                                                                                              (3) If a nominated judge decides to re-open a complaint, they may —
                                                                                              (a) consider the complaint in accordance with Part 4; or
                                                                                              (b) refer the complaint to:
                                                                                              (i) another nominated judge to consider under Part 4;
                                                                                              (ii) the Bureau to consider in accordance with Part 2;
                                                                                              (iii) an investigating judge to consider in accordance with Part 5; or
                                                                                              (iv) a disciplinary panel to consider in accordance with Part 6.

                                                                                              • 47. Part 7 to apply only to CRAR

                                                                                                This Part only applies to debts enforceable under section 127 of the Regulations.

                                                                                              • 48. Authorisation by landlord to another to exercise CRAR on landlord's behalf

                                                                                                Where a landlord gives authorisation under section 128(8) of the Regulations to a person to exercise CRAR on the landlord's behalf, the authorisation must —

                                                                                                (a) only authorise an enforcement agent; and
                                                                                                (b) be in writing, be signed by the landlord and provide the following information —
                                                                                                (i) the date of the authorisation;
                                                                                                (ii) the landlord's name and contact details, including, where appropriate, the landlord's trading or business name and the trading or, if registered in the Abu Dhabi Global Market, the registered office address of the landlord;
                                                                                                (iii) the name and contact details of the person authorised to act on behalf of the landlord;
                                                                                                (iv) sufficient detail to enable the authorised person to identify the commercial premises in respect of which CRAR may now be exercised on the landlord's behalf;
                                                                                                (v) the amount of rent owed; and
                                                                                                (vi) the period in relation to which the rent is owed.

                                                                                              • 49. Minimum amount of net unpaid rent for CRAR to become exercisable

                                                                                                The minimum amount of net unpaid rent for the purpose of section 132(3) of the Regulations is an amount equal to 1 months' rent.

                                                                                            • Chapter 2: Chapter 2: Right to Rent from Sub-Tenant

                                                                                              • 31. 31. Procedure to be followed when re-opening a case

                                                                                                (1) A nominated judge may re-open a case of their own volition.
                                                                                                (2) The Bureau may refer new information to a nominated judge for the purposes of paragraph (1).
                                                                                                (3) A complainant may provide new information to the Bureau.
                                                                                                (4) The Bureau may only refer new information received from a complainant to a nominated judge if the Bureau is satisfied that it is new information within the meaning of rule 30(2).

                                                                                                • 50. Notice to sub-tenant: when notice takes effect and service

                                                                                                  (1) A notice served on any sub-tenant under section 135(2) of the Regulations takes effect 28 clear days after the notice is served on the sub-tenant.
                                                                                                  (2) The notice must be served on the sub-tenant by a method required under rule 5(1) (method of giving notice).

                                                                                                • 51. Notice to sub-tenant: form and contents

                                                                                                  The notice must be in writing, be signed by the landlord and contain the following information —

                                                                                                  (a) the landlord's name, reference and contact details and the date of the notice;
                                                                                                  (b) the amount of rent the landlord has the right to recover from the immediate tenant by CRAR ("the notified amount");
                                                                                                  (c) that while the notified amount remains unpaid, the sub-tenant must pay the sub-tenant's rent directly to the landlord instead of to the immediate tenant, as a discharge for any rent payable by the sub-tenant under the sub-lease, until —
                                                                                                  (i) the notified amount has been paid (by payments under the notice or otherwise); or
                                                                                                  (ii) the notice is replaced or withdrawn; and
                                                                                                  (d) that the landlord may withdraw the notice in accordance with rule 52.

                                                                                                • 52. Notice to sub-tenant: withdrawal of notice

                                                                                                  A notice served on any sub-tenant under section 135(2) of the Regulations is withdrawn if the landlord provides written notice, to the sub-tenant who received that notice that it is withdrawn.

                                                                                              • 32. Consideration of matters in absence of a complaint

                                                                                                (1) Where a nominated judge received information from any source which suggests to them that taking disciplinary action might be justified they may refer the case to the Bureau.
                                                                                                (2) The Bureau must investigate the case in accordance with Part 2 of these Rules as though it were a complaint of misconduct, with the exception that any obligation to be discharged in relation to a complainant does not apply.

                                                                                              • 33. Withdrawal of a complaint

                                                                                                (1) A complainant may withdraw their complaint at any time.
                                                                                                (2) Where a complaint is withdrawn, it may still be investigated if paragraph (3) applies.
                                                                                                (3) A withdrawn complaint may continue to be investigated where it is being considered by —
                                                                                                (a) the Bureau under Part 2 of these Rules;
                                                                                                (b) a nominated judge under Part 4 of these Rules;
                                                                                                (c) an investigating judge under Part 5 of these Rules;
                                                                                                (d) a disciplinary panel under Part 6 of these Rules,
                                                                                                if the Bureau, the nominated judge, the investigating judge or the disciplinary judge (as the case may be) considers it appropriate to continue to investigate the complaint.
                                                                                                (4) Where paragraph (3) applies, the case is to continue to be considered under these Rules as if the complaint had not been withdrawn and the complainant must be informed of this decision by the Bureau, the nominated judge, the investigating judge or the disciplinary panel as the case may be.

                                                                                              • 34. Deferral of consideration of a case

                                                                                                (1) The Bureau may defer consideration of a case where there is good reason to do so.
                                                                                                (2) Where the Bureau defers a complaint under paragraph (1), it must inform the complainant and, if they are aware of the complaint, the judicial office holder concerned.

                                                                                              • 35. Transitional provision

                                                                                                These Rules apply to any complaint made before these Rules come into force which has not been withdrawn, dismissed or determined.

                                                                                        • 8. 8. Cancellation or suspension of certificates

                                                                                          (1) If, following consideration of a complaint at a hearing, the Registrar is satisfied that the certified person is not a fit and proper person to hold a certificate, the Registrar may —
                                                                                          (a) cancel the certificate; or
                                                                                          (b) suspend the certificate.
                                                                                          (2) If the certificate is cancelled, the Registrar may order that the certified person must, before making any further application to be issued with a certificate, have fulfilled such conditions as to training or any other conditions as the Registrar considers necessary for the certified person to be a fit and proper person to hold a certificate.
                                                                                          (3) If the certificate has been suspended, the Registrar may order that the suspension is not to be lifted until the certified person has fulfilled such conditions as to training or other conditions as the Registrar considers necessary for the certified person to be a fit and proper person to hold a certificate.
                                                                                          (4) The Court must, whether the certificate is suspended or cancelled, consider whether to make an order under rule 11(2).

                                                                                          • PART 8 PART 8 — Taking Control Of Goods (FEES)

                                                                                            • PART 8 PART 8 — Interpretation, Citation, Commencement And Extent

                                                                                              • 8. 8. Duties owed to other lawyers

                                                                                                (1) Lawyers shall deal with each other honestly, co-operatively and with civility.
                                                                                                (2) Unless otherwise permitted or required by law, a lawyer to whom confidential information is disclosed by another lawyer, or by some other person and who is aware that the disclosure was inadvertent must not use the information.
                                                                                                (3) A lawyer must not deal directly with the client of another lawyer, unless
                                                                                                (a) the other lawyer has consented;
                                                                                                (b) the communication is a notice which by law or contract must be personally served on the other Lawyer's client;
                                                                                                (c) the interests of the party with which it is intended to communicate will be prejudiced if the communication is delayed.

                                                                                                • 53. 53. Application of Part 8

                                                                                                  This Part applies when an enforcement agent uses the Schedule 1 procedure.

                                                                                                  • 36. Interpretation

                                                                                                    In these Rules, unless the context otherwise provides or requires —

                                                                                                    (a) "Abu Dhabi Global Market" means the financial free zone established by Federal Decree No. (15) of 2013 issued by the President of the United Arab Emirates, as delimited by Resolution No. (4) of 2013 of the Cabinet of the United Arab Emirates and as governed by the ADGM Founding Law;
                                                                                                    (b) "ADGM Founding Law" means Law No. (4) of 2013 concerning the Abu Dhabi Global Market issued by His Highness the Ruler;
                                                                                                    (c) "Board" means the Board of Directors of the Abu Dhabi Global Market as constituted by Article 4 of the ADGM Founding Law;
                                                                                                    (d) "business day" means any day other than a Friday, Saturday or a public holiday;
                                                                                                    (e) "case" means a complaint or issue of misconduct being considered under the Judicial Discipline Rules;
                                                                                                    (f) "Chief Justice" means the Chief Justice of the Abu Dhabi Global Market Courts appointed under Article 13(2) of the ADGM Founding Law;
                                                                                                    (g) "complaint" means a complaint containing an allegation of misconduct by a person holding judicial office;
                                                                                                    (h) "disciplinary action" means the exercise by —
                                                                                                    (i) the Board of the Board's power to remove a person from judicial office under section 214(1) of the Regulations;
                                                                                                    (ii) the Chief Justice of any of the Chief Justice's powers under section 214(3) and (4) of the Regulations;
                                                                                                    (i) "disciplinary panel" has the meaning given by rule 8 of the Judicial Discipline Rules;
                                                                                                    (j) "His Highness the Ruler" means the ruler of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi from time to time;
                                                                                                    (k) "investigating judge" has the meaning in rule 7 of the Judicial Discipline Rules;
                                                                                                    (l) "Judge of the ADGM Courts" means, as the context requires, the Chief Justice, Justice of Appeal or Justice of First Instance and includes, as necessary, temporary and Associate Judges of the Court of First Instance;
                                                                                                    (m) "judicial office" means any Judge of the ADGM Courts and "judicial office holder" shall be construed accordingly;
                                                                                                    (n) "judicial office holder concerned" means the holder of a judicial office whose conduct is being considered in accordance with the Judicial Discipline Rules;
                                                                                                    (o) "nominated judge" has the meaning given in rule 6 of the Judicial Discipline Rules;
                                                                                                    (p) "public holiday" means New Year's day, Al-Mawlid Al Nabawi, Israa & Miaraj Night, Start of Ramadan, Eid Al Fitr, Arafat (Haj) Day, Eid Al Adha, Hijri New Year's Day, UAE National Day and any other day declared to be a public holiday by the government of the United Arab Emirates;
                                                                                                    (q) "Registrar" means the Registrar and Chief Executive of the Abu Dhabi Global Market Courts;
                                                                                                    (r) "the Judicial Discipline Rules" means the Judicial Discipline Prescribed Procedures Rules 2015;
                                                                                                    (s) "the Regulations" means the ADGM Courts, Civil Evidence, Judgments, Enforcement and Judicial Appointments Regulations 2015.

                                                                                                  • 54. 54. Recovery of fees for enforcement-related services from the debtor

                                                                                                    (1) The enforcement agent may recover from the debtor the fees indicated in the Schedule to these Rules in accordance with this rule and rules 60, 61, 62, 65 and 66, by reference to the stage, or stages of enforcement for which enforcement-related services have been supplied.
                                                                                                    (2) The fees referred to in paragraph (1) may be recovered out of proceeds.
                                                                                                    (3) The enforcement agent may recover under this regulation the whole fee provided in the Schedule to these Rules for a stage where the amount outstanding is paid after the commencement, but before the completion, of that stage.
                                                                                                    (4) For the purposes of this rule, the relevant stage of enforcement is determined according to rule 55.
                                                                                                    (5) Where —
                                                                                                    (a) the enforcement agent and the debtor enter into a controlled goods agreement which the debtor does not breach, only the first enforcement stage fee may be recovered from the debtor; or
                                                                                                    (b) the enforcement agent and the debtor —
                                                                                                    (i) enter into a controlled goods agreement which the debtor breaches; or
                                                                                                    (ii) do not enter into a controlled goods agreement,
                                                                                                    both the first enforcement stage and second enforcement stage fees may be recovered from the debtor, and the first enforcement stage fee is recoverable where sub-paragraph (ii) applies notwithstanding that the first enforcement stage did not apply.

                                                                                                    • 37. Correction of errors in the Rules

                                                                                                      The Registrar may, after consultation with the Chief Justice, at any time correct an accidental slip or omission in these Rules.

                                                                                                    • 55. 55. Stages of enforcement for which fees may be recovered

                                                                                                      (1) The relevant stages of enforcement under an enforcement power are as follows —
                                                                                                      (a) the compliance stage, which comprises all activities relating to enforcement from the receipt by the enforcement agent of instructions to use that procedure in relation to a sum to be recovered up to but not including the commencement of the first enforcement stage, or, where sub-paragraph (c)(ii) applies, the commencement of the second enforcement stage;
                                                                                                      (b) where the enforcement agent and the debtor enter into a controlled goods agreement, the first enforcement stage, which comprises all activities relating to enforcement from the first attendance at the premises in relation to the instructions until the agreement is completed or breached;
                                                                                                      (c) the second enforcement stage, which comprises —
                                                                                                      (i) where the enforcement agent and the debtor enter into a controlled goods agreement but the debtor breaches that agreement, all activities relating to enforcement from the time at which the debtor breaches the agreement up to but not including the commencement of the sale or disposal stage;
                                                                                                      (ii) where the enforcement agent and the debtor do not enter into a controlled goods agreement, all activities relating to enforcement from the first attendance at the premises in relation to the instructions up to but not including the commencement of the sale or disposal stage;
                                                                                                      (d) the sale or disposal stage, which comprises all activities relating to enforcement from the first attendance at the property for the purpose of transporting goods to the place of sale, or from commencing preparation for sale if the sale is to be held on the premises, until the completion of the sale or disposal (including application of the proceeds and provision of the information required by rule 63).
                                                                                                      (2) Where the goods against which enforcement is sought are securities, the sale or disposal stage commences with the provision of a notice of disposal in accordance with paragraph 30(6) of Schedule 1.

                                                                                                      • 38. Short title, extent and commencement

                                                                                                        (1) These Rules may be cited as the Judicial Conduct (Judicial Office Holders) Rules 2015.
                                                                                                        (2) These Rules shall apply in the whole of the Abu Dhabi Global Market.
                                                                                                        (3) These Rules shall come into force on the date of their publication (the "Commencement Date"). The Chief Justice may by rules make any transitional, transitory, consequential, saving, incidental or supplementary provision in relation to the commencement of these Rules as he thinks fit.
                                                                                                        (4) Nothing in these Rules shall have retrospective effect.
                                                                                                        (5) On and from the Commencement Date, any law or rules previously in force in the Abu Dhabi Global Market which are inconsistent with, or deal with the same subject matter as, these Rules shall, subject to the ADGM Founding Law, the Regulations and the Judicial Discipline Rules, cease to have any effect or force in the Abu Dhabi Global Market.

                                                                                                      • 56. Calculation of fees by reference to value sum sought to be recovered

                                                                                                        The percentage fee or fees are to be calculated by multiplying the amount of the sum to be recovered which exceeds US$2,000 by the percentage indicated in the relevant column of the table in the Schedule; in the total amount of the fee so calculated, any fraction of US$1 is to be reckoned as US$1, but any fraction of a cent is to be disregarded.

                                                                                                      • 57. Disbursements recoverable from the debtor

                                                                                                        (1) The enforcement agent may recover disbursements from the debtor only in accordance with this rule and rules 58, 59 and 60.
                                                                                                        (2) The following disbursements are recoverable provided that they are reasonably and actually incurred —
                                                                                                        (a) the cost of storing goods which have been taken into control and removed from the premises or public place;
                                                                                                        (b) the cost of hiring a locksmith to gain access to premises when using reasonable force to enter them in accordance with Schedule 1, and to secure them thereafter;
                                                                                                        (c) Court fees in relation to any applications made by the enforcement agent in relation to the enforcement power which are granted.
                                                                                                        (3) The disbursements referred to in this rule and rules 58 and 59 may be recovered out of proceeds.

                                                                                                      • 58. Disbursements recoverable from the debtor in relation to sale of goods by auction or by private sale

                                                                                                        (1) The enforcement agent may recover disbursements related to the sale of the goods from the debtor in accordance with this rule and rules 59 and 60.
                                                                                                        (2) Where the sale is held on premises provided by the auctioneer conducting the sale, the enforcement agent may recover from the debtor —
                                                                                                        (a) a sum in respect of the auctioneer's commission not exceeding 15% of the sum realised by the sale of the goods;
                                                                                                        (b) the auctioneer's out of pocket expenses; and
                                                                                                        (c) reasonable disbursements incurred in respect of advertising the sale.
                                                                                                        (3) Where the sale is held on other premises in accordance with subordinate legislation made under paragraph 27 of Schedule 1, the enforcement agent may recover from the debtor the sums and disbursements referred to in paragraph (2), except that the sum referred to in paragraph (2)(a) may not exceed 7.5% of the sum realised by the sale of the goods.
                                                                                                        (4) Where the goods are —
                                                                                                        (a) auctioned by way of an internet auction; or
                                                                                                        (b) sold other than by auction,

                                                                                                        the enforcement agent may recover from the debtor 7.5% of the sum realised by the sale of the goods.

                                                                                                      • 59. Exceptional disbursements

                                                                                                        (1) Upon application by the enforcement agent with the consent of the creditor in accordance with rules of court, the Court may order that the enforcement agent may recover from the debtor exceptional disbursements associated with the use of the Schedule 1 procedure which are not otherwise recoverable under these Rules.
                                                                                                        (2) The Court may not make an order under paragraph (1) unless satisfied that the disbursements to which it relates are necessary for effective enforcement of the sum to be recovered, having regard to all the circumstances including —
                                                                                                        (a) the amount of that sum; and
                                                                                                        (b) the nature and value of the goods which have been taken into control, or which it is sought to take into control.

                                                                                                      • 60. More than one enforcement power available against the same debtor

                                                                                                        (1) This rule applies for the purpose of calculating the fees and disbursements payable to the enforcement agent in accordance with rules 54, 57, 58 and 59 in a case where —
                                                                                                        (a) the enforcement agent receives instructions to use the procedure under Schedule 1 in relation to the same debtor but in respect of more than one enforcement power; and
                                                                                                        (b) those enforcement powers can reasonably be exercised at the same time.
                                                                                                        (2) In paragraph (1)(b), "can reasonably be exercised at the same time" means in particular —
                                                                                                        (a) taking control of goods in relation to all such enforcement powers on the same occasion; and
                                                                                                        (b) selling or disposing of all goods so taken into control on the same occasion,
                                                                                                        except where it is impracticable to do so.
                                                                                                        (3) The enforcement agent may recover the compliance stage fee in respect of each enforcement power to which the instructions relate.
                                                                                                        (4) Where paragraph (1) applies the fee recoverable in respect of the enforcement stage (or stages) and the sale or disposal stage respectively is to be calculated as follows —
                                                                                                        (a) the fixed fee for each stage may be recovered only once, regardless of the number of enforcement powers to which the instructions relate;
                                                                                                        (b) the amount in relation to which the percentage fee for each stage, if any, is to be calculated is the total amount of the sums to be recovered under all enforcement powers to which paragraph (1) applies.
                                                                                                        (5) Where this rule applies, the enforcement agent must, as far as practicable, minimise the disbursements recoverable from the debtor under these Rules by dealing with the goods taken into control pursuant to the instructions together and on as few occasions as possible.

                                                                                                      • 61. Recovery of fees from vulnerable debtors

                                                                                                        Where the debtor is a vulnerable person, the fee or fees due for the enforcement stage (or, where rule 55 applies, the first, or first and second, enforcement stages as appropriate) and any disbursements related to that stage (or stages) are not recoverable unless the enforcement agent has, before proceeding to remove goods which have been taken into control, given the debtor an adequate opportunity to get assistance and advice in relation to the exercise of the enforcement power.

                                                                                                      • 62. Application of proceeds where less than the amount outstanding

                                                                                                        (1) Subject to paragraph 31(6) of Schedule 1, when the proceeds from the exercise of an enforcement power are less than the amount outstanding, they must be applied in accordance with this rule.
                                                                                                        (2) Where the goods are sold or disposed of at a public auction (other than by internet auction), the proceeds must be applied first in payment of the auctioneer's fees calculated in accordance with rule 58(2) or (3) as appropriate.
                                                                                                        (3) Following the payment at paragraph (2), the enforcement agent may then recover the compliance fee.
                                                                                                        (4) Subject to paragraph (5), following any payment due by virtue of paragraphs (2) and (3), the proceeds must be applied pro rata in payment of —
                                                                                                        (a) the sum to be recovered; and
                                                                                                        (b) any remaining amounts recoverable in respect of fees and disbursements payable to the enforcement agent in accordance with these Rules.
                                                                                                        (5) Where the same legal person is both the creditor and the enforcement agent, paragraph (4) does not apply and the proceeds must be applied in payment of the amount referred to in paragraph (4)(b) before payment of the amount at paragraph (4)(a).
                                                                                                        (6) In paragraphs (4) and (5), references to the proceeds are to the proceeds after deduction of the sums, if any, to which paragraphs (2) and (3) relate.

                                                                                                      • 63. Provision of information to debtor and co-owner by enforcement agent

                                                                                                        (1) As soon as possible after sale or disposal of the goods, the enforcement agent must provide the debtor and any co-owner of goods of whom the enforcement agent is aware with —
                                                                                                        (a) an itemised list of the goods sold or otherwise disposed of;
                                                                                                        (b) a statement of —
                                                                                                        (i) the sum received in relation to each item;
                                                                                                        (ii) the proceeds;
                                                                                                        (iii) the application of the proceeds;
                                                                                                        (iv) the disbursements recoverable under these Rules and incurred in relation to the goods.
                                                                                                        (2) The enforcement agent must provide the debtor and any co-owner with a copy of all receipts for the disbursements referred to at paragraph (1)(b)(iv), except in relation to disbursements to which rule 58(4) applies.
                                                                                                        (3) Where the debtor pays, or seeks to pay, the amount outstanding at any time after the enforcement agent has incurred disbursements in relation to the enforcement power but before sale or disposal of the goods, the enforcement agent must provide the debtor with —
                                                                                                        (a) a statement of disbursements recoverable in accordance with paragraph (1)(b)(iv);
                                                                                                        (b) any receipts in accordance with paragraph (2);
                                                                                                        (c) a statement of the fixed and percentage fees (if any) charged.

                                                                                                      • 64. Dispute regarding co-owner's share of proceeds

                                                                                                        Upon application in accordance with rules of court by the enforcement agent, the creditor, the debtor or a co-owner of goods, any dispute about the amount of the proceeds payable to that co-owner under paragraph 31(6)(a) of Schedule 1 is to be determined by the Court.

                                                                                                      • 65. Disputes about the amount of fees and disbursements recoverable under Rules

                                                                                                        Upon application in accordance with rules of court, any dispute regarding the amount recoverable under these Rules is to be determined by the Court.

                                                                                                      • 66. Fees and disbursements not recoverable where enforcement process ceases

                                                                                                        (1) The enforcement agent may not recover fees or disbursements from the debtor in relation to any stage of enforcement undertaken at a time when the relevant enforcement power has ceased to be exercisable.
                                                                                                        (2) Paragraph (1) does not apply where the enforcement power ceases to be exercisable because the debtor has paid the amount outstanding or that amount has been recovered from the proceeds or otherwise.
                                                                                                        (3) In a case in which the enforcement agent is instructed by a landlord to exercise CRAR and the Court makes an order under section 133(1) of the Regulations —
                                                                                                        (a) the enforcement agent may not recover fees or disbursements from the debtor where the order is made under section 133(1)(a);
                                                                                                        (b) where the order is made under section 133(1)(b), the enforcement agent may recover fees and disbursements from the debtor in accordance with these Rules only if the Court has made a further order permitting further steps to be taken under CRAR.

                                                                                              • 9. 9. Application of security after consideration of complaint at a hearing

                                                                                                (1) When a complaint has been considered at a hearing, the Registrar may, if satisfied that the complaint was well founded, order that the security be forfeited either wholly or in part, and that the forfeited amount be paid, in such proportions as the Registrar considers appropriate —
                                                                                                (a) to the complainant by way of compensation for failure in due performance of the certified person's duties as an enforcement agent or for the complainant's costs or expenses in attending and making representations; and
                                                                                                (b) where costs or expenses have been incurred by the Court in considering the complaint at a hearing, to the Registrar by way of reimbursement of those costs or expenses.
                                                                                                (2) The Registrar may make an order under paragraph (1) whether or not the certificate is cancelled or suspended.
                                                                                                (3) If an order is made under paragraph (1) but the certificate is not cancelled, rule 4(4) applies.
                                                                                                (4) If the certificate is cancelled, the security must, subject to the making of an order under paragraph (1), be cancelled and the balance of any deposit, following payment of any amounts ordered to be forfeited, returned to the certified person.

                                                                                                • PART 9 PART 9 — Interpretation, Citation, Commencement And Extent

                                                                                                  • 9. 9. Duty to rectify breaches

                                                                                                    (1) Where a lawyer has unknowingly breached any provision of these Rules, and the lawyer subsequently becomes aware of the breach, the lawyer must —
                                                                                                    (a) disclose the breach to the Court; and
                                                                                                    (b) take reasonable steps to rectify the breach.

                                                                                                    • 67. Interpretation

                                                                                                      (1) In these Rules, unless the context otherwise provides or requires —
                                                                                                      (a) "Abu Dhabi Global Market" means the financial free zone established by Federal Decree No. (15) of 2013 issued by the President of the United Arab Emirates, as delimited by Resolution No. (4) of 2013 of the Cabinet of the United Arab Emirates and as governed by the ADGM Founding Law;
                                                                                                      (b) "ADGM enactment" means ADGM regulations and any rules made under ADGM regulations, including court procedure rules;
                                                                                                      (c) "ADGM Founding Law" means Law No. (4) of 2013 concerning the Abu Dhabi Global Market issued by His Highness the Ruler;
                                                                                                      (d) "ADGM regulations" means regulations enacted by the Board under Article 6(1) of the ADGM Founding Law;
                                                                                                      (e) "amount outstanding" has the meaning given by paragraph 31(3) of Schedule 1 (application of proceeds);
                                                                                                      (f) "Applicable Abu Dhabi Law" means a law issued after the date of enactment of these Regulations by His Highness the Ruler of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi which expressly provides for the law to have application in the Abu Dhabi Global Market, including any rules, regulations, orders, resolutions or similar measures adopted pursuant to such law;
                                                                                                      (g) "Board" means the Board of Directors of the Abu Dhabi Global Market as constituted by Article 4 of the ADGM Founding Law;
                                                                                                      (h) "business day" means any day other than a Friday, Saturday or a public holiday;
                                                                                                      (i) "Chief Justice" means the Chief Justice of the Abu Dhabi Global Market Courts appointed under Article 13(2) of the ADGM Founding Law;
                                                                                                      (j) "child" means a person under the age of 21;
                                                                                                      (k) "clear days" means that in computing the number of days —
                                                                                                      (i) the day on which the period begins;
                                                                                                      (ii) if the end of the period is defined by reference to an event, the day on which that event occurs; and
                                                                                                      (iii) any public holiday falling during the period,
                                                                                                      are not included;
                                                                                                      (l) "controlled goods" has the meaning given in paragraph 3(1) of Schedule 1 (general interpretation);
                                                                                                      (m) "controlled goods agreement" has the meaning given by paragraph 11(4) of Schedule 1 (ways of taking control);
                                                                                                      (n) "co-owner" has the meaning given in paragraph 3(1) of Schedule 1 (general interpretation);
                                                                                                      (o) "Court" means the Court of First Instance;
                                                                                                      (p) "court procedure rules" means rules made under Part 7 of the Regulations;
                                                                                                      (q) "CRAR" has the meaning given by section 127 of the Regulations (commercial rent arrears recovery (CRAR));
                                                                                                      (r) "creditor" has the meaning given in paragraph 1(3) of Schedule 1 (the procedure);
                                                                                                      (s) "debtor" has the meaning given in paragraph 1(3) of Schedule 1 (the procedure);
                                                                                                      (t) "disabled person" means a person —
                                                                                                      (i) whose sight, hearing or speech is substantially impaired;
                                                                                                      (ii) who has a mental disorder; or
                                                                                                      (iii) who is physically substantially disabled by any illness, any impairment present since birth, or otherwise;
                                                                                                      (u) "Emirate" means the Emirate of Abu Dhabi;
                                                                                                      (v) "enforcement agent" has the meaning given in paragraph 2(1) of Schedule 1 (enforcement agents);
                                                                                                      (w) "enforcement power" has the meaning given by paragraph 1(2) of Schedule 1;
                                                                                                      (x) "enforcement-related services" has the meaning given by paragraph 41(5) of Schedule 1 (costs);
                                                                                                      (y) "Global Market's Authority" has the meaning given in Articles 1 and 10 of the ADGM Founding Law;
                                                                                                      (z) "net unpaid rent" has the meaning given in section 132(5) of the Regulations (the rent recoverable);
                                                                                                      (aa) "notice of enforcement" means the notice of enforcement required by paragraph 7(1) of Schedule 1 (notice of enforcement);
                                                                                                      (bb) "notice of the enforcement agent's intention to re-enter premises" means the notice of the enforcement agent's intention to re-enter premises required by paragraph 16(5)(d) of Schedule 1 (general powers to use reasonable force: supplementary);
                                                                                                      (cc) "older person" means a person aged 75 or over;
                                                                                                      (dd) "percentage fee" means a fee calculated in accordance with rule 56;
                                                                                                      (ee) "premises" has the meaning given in paragraph 3(1) of Schedule 1 (general interpretation);
                                                                                                      (ff) "proceeds" has the meaning given by paragraph 31(2) of Schedule 1 (application of proceeds);
                                                                                                      (gg) "public authority" includes any Global Market's Authority;
                                                                                                      (hh) "public holiday" means New Year's day, Al-Mawlid Al Nabawi, Israa & Miaraj Night, Start of Ramadan, Eid Al Fitr, Arafat (Haj) Day, Eid Al Adha, Hijri New Year's Day, UAE National Day and any other day declared to be a public holiday by the government of the United Arab Emirates;
                                                                                                      (ii) "public ownership" means wholly or partly owned by the Emirate or the Abu Dhabi Global Market and controlled through a public authority;
                                                                                                      (jj) "the Regulations" means the ADGM Courts, Civil Evidence, Judgments, Enforcement and Judicial Appointments Regulations 2015;
                                                                                                      (kk) "reference number" means a reference number assigned to the debt by the enforcement agent or the enforcement agent's office;
                                                                                                      (ll) "relevant premises" has the meaning given by paragraph 12(4) and (6) of Schedule 1 (entry without warrant);
                                                                                                      (mm) "rent" has the meaning given by section 131 of the Regulations (rent);
                                                                                                      (nn) "Schedule 1" means Schedule 1 to the Regulations;
                                                                                                      (oo) "securities" has the meaning given in paragraph 3(1) of Schedule 1 (general interpretation);
                                                                                                      (pp) "specified premises" means the premises specified in a warrant issued under paragraph 13(1) of Schedule 1 (entry under warrant);
                                                                                                      (qq) "sum to be recovered" means the amount of the debt which remains unpaid, or an amount that the creditor agrees to accept in full satisfaction of the debt;
                                                                                                      (rr) "the sum outstanding" means the outstanding debt together with any interest and costs of enforcement to date;
                                                                                                      (ss) "taking control of goods" has the meaning given by paragraph 11(1) of Schedule 1 (ways of taking control).
                                                                                                      (2) In these Rules, references to "the compliance stage", "the first enforcement stage", "the second enforcement stage" and to "the sale and disposal stage" are to be construed in accordance with rule 55.
                                                                                                      (3) In these Rules, any notice, agreement, warning, inventory, valuation or authorisation that are, pursuant to these Rules, required to be made or given in writing must be written in English.

                                                                                                    • 68. Correction of errors in the Rules

                                                                                                      The Chief Justice may, after consultation with the Chairman of the Board, at any time correct an accidental slip or omission in these Rules.

                                                                                                    • 69. Short title, extent and commencement

                                                                                                      (1) These Rules may be cited as the Taking Control of Goods and Commercial Rent Arrears Recovery Rules 2015.
                                                                                                      (2) These Rules shall apply in the whole of the Abu Dhabi Global Market.
                                                                                                      (3) These Rules shall come into force on the date of their publication (the "Commencement Date"). The Board may by rules make any transitional, transitory, consequential, saving, incidental or supplementary provision in relation to the commencement of these Rules as the Board thinks fit.
                                                                                                      (4) Nothing in these Rules shall have retrospective effect.
                                                                                                      (5) On and from the Commencement Date, any law previously in force in the Abu Dhabi Global Market which is inconsistent with, or deals with the same subject matter as, these Rules shall, subject to the ADGM Founding Law or the Regulations, cease to have any effect or force in the Abu Dhabi Global Market.

                                                                                                  • 10. 10. Surrender of certificate

                                                                                                    (1) Where a certificate is cancelled or expires, it must be surrendered to the Court, unless the Registrar directs otherwise.
                                                                                                    (2) If a certified person ceases to carry on business as an enforcement agent, the certified person must, unless the Registrar orders otherwise, surrender the certificate to the Court, and the certificate will be treated as if it had expired on the date on which it was surrendered.
                                                                                                    (3) The security must be cancelled and the balance of any deposit returned to the certified person following surrender of a certificate.

                                                                                                    • SCHEDULE SCHEDULE

                                                                                                      Rule 54

                                                                                                      Table

                                                                                                      Fee Stage Fixed Fee Percentage fee (rule 56): percentage of sum to be recovered exceeding US$2,000
                                                                                                      Compliance stage US$100.00 0%
                                                                                                      First enforcement stage US$200.00 7.5%
                                                                                                      Second enforcement stage US$500.00 0%
                                                                                                      Sale or disposal stage US$600.00 7.5%

                                                                                                      • 10. Sanctions for breaches

                                                                                                        The Court may sanction a lawyer who has knowingly and intentionally breached any provision of these Rules by making an order under Rule 203 of the ADGM Court Procedure Rules.

                                                                                                      • 11. Continuing effect of certificate in certain circumstances

                                                                                                        (1) This rule applies in any case where —
                                                                                                        (a) a certificate is cancelled or has expired, or is suspended; and
                                                                                                        (b) before the cancellation, expiry or suspension, the certified person took control of goods (within the meaning given by paragraph 11(1) of Schedule 1 (ways of taking control)).
                                                                                                        (2) In such a case, unless the Court orders otherwise, the goods continue to be controlled goods and the certificate continues to have effect, for the purpose of any action which may be taken in relation to the goods as controlled goods under Schedule 1, as if it had not been cancelled, or expired, or suspended as the case may be.

                                                                                                      • 12. Interpretation

                                                                                                        In these Rules, unless the context otherwise provides or requires —

                                                                                                        (a) "Abu Dhabi Global Market" means the financial free zone established by Federal Decree No. (15) of 2013 issued by the President of the United Arab Emirates, as delimited by Resolution No. (4) of 2013 of the Cabinet of the United Arab Emirates and as governed by the ADGM Founding Law;
                                                                                                        (b) "ADGM Founding Law" means Law No. (4) of 2013 concerning the Abu Dhabi Global Market issued by His Highness the Ruler;
                                                                                                        (c) "applicant" means a person applying for a certificate to be issued under section 124 of the Regulations;
                                                                                                        (d) "Board" means the Board of Directors of the Abu Dhabi Global Market as constituted by Article 4 of the ADGM Founding Law;
                                                                                                        (e) "certificate" means a certificate under section 124 of the Regulations to act as an enforcement agent;
                                                                                                        (f) "certified person" means a person to whom a certificate has been issued;
                                                                                                        (g) "Chief Justice" means the Chief Justice of the Abu Dhabi Global Market Courts appointed under Article 13(2) of the ADGM Founding Law;
                                                                                                        (h) "commercial rent arrears recovery" has the meaning given by section 127 of the Regulations;
                                                                                                        (i) "complainant" means a person who makes a complaint to the Court under rule 7 of these Rules;
                                                                                                        (j) "Court" means the Court of First Instance and "Courts" has the meaning given in section 1 of the Regulations;
                                                                                                        (k) "enforcement agent" means an individual authorised by section 123(2) of the Regulations to act as an enforcement agent;
                                                                                                        (l) "Registrar" means the Registrar and Chief Executive of the Abu Dhabi Global Market Courts;
                                                                                                        (n) "Schedule 1" means Schedule 1 to the Regulations;
                                                                                                        (o) "the security" means the security required by rule 4(1) of these Rules.

                                                                                                      • 13. Correction of errors in the Rules

                                                                                                        The Chief Justice may, after consultation with the Chairman of the Board, at any time correct an accidental slip or omission in these Rules.

                                                                                                      • 14. Short title, extent and commencement

                                                                                                        (1) These Rules may be cited as the Certification of Enforcement Agents Rules 2015.
                                                                                                        (2) These Rules shall apply in the whole of the Abu Dhabi Global Market.
                                                                                                        (3) These Rules shall come into force on the date of their publication (the "Commencement Date"). The Board may by rules make any transitional, transitory, consequential, saving, incidental or supplementary provision in relation to the commencement of these Rules as the Board thinks fit.
                                                                                                        (4) Nothing in these Rules shall have retrospective effect.
                                                                                                        (5) On and from the Commencement Date, any law previously in force in the Abu Dhabi Global Market which is inconsistent with, or deals with the same subject matter as, these Rules shall, subject to the ADGM Founding Law or the Regulations, cease to have any effect or force in the Abu Dhabi Global Market.

                                                                                                      • SCHEDULE

                  • Certification of Enforcement Agents Rules 2015

                    Click herehere to view PDF

                  • Taking Control of Goods and Commercial Rent Arrears Recovery Rules 2015

                    Click herehere to view PDF

                  • Judicial Discipline Prescribed Procedures Rules 2015

                    Click herehere to view PDF

                  • Judicial Conduct (Judicial Office Holders) Rules 2015

                    Click herehere to view PDF

                  • ADGM Court Rules of Conduct 2016

                    Pursuant to a delegation of power from the Board of Directors of Abu Dhabi Global Market to the Chief Justice of Abu Dhabi Global Market Courts under section 228 of the ADGM Courts, Civil Evidence, Judgments, Enforcement and Judicial Appointments Regulations 2015, the Chief Justice has made the ADGM Courts Conduct Rules 2016. These Rules came into force on 30 May 2016.

                    Click herehere to view the Rules of Conduct 2016.

                  • ADGM Courts Litigation Funding Rules 2019

                    Click herehere to view the Litigation Funding Rules 2019.