Chapter 4 Chapter 4 — Jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal
25. Competence of arbitral tribunal to rule on its jurisdiction(1) Unless otherwise agreed by the parties, the arbitral tribunal may rule on its own substantive jurisdiction, that is, as to (a) whether there is a valid arbitration agreement, (b) whether the tribunal is properly constituted, and (c) what matters have been submitted to arbitration in accordance with the arbitration agreement.(2) Any such ruling may be challenged by any available arbitral process of appeal or review that the parties may have agreed, or in accordance with the provisions of this Part.
26. Objection to substantive jurisdiction of tribunal(1) An objection that the arbitral tribunal lacks substantive jurisdiction at the outset of proceedings must be raised by a party not later than the time he takes the first step in the proceedings to contest the merits of any matter in relation to which he challenges the tribunal's jurisdiction. A party is not precluded from raising such an objection by the fact that he has appointed or participated in the appointment of an arbitrator.(2) Any objection during the course of the arbitral proceedings that the arbitral tribunal is exceeding its substantive jurisdiction must be made as soon as possible after the matter alleged to be beyond its jurisdiction is raised. The arbitral tribunal may admit a later objection in either case specified in subsections (1) or (2) if it considers the delay justified.(3) The arbitral tribunal may rule on an objection referred to in subsections (1) or (2) either as a preliminary question or in an award on the merits. If the parties agree which of these courses the tribunal should take, the tribunal shall proceed accordingly.
27. Determination of preliminary point of jurisdiction(1) If the arbitral tribunal rules on an objection referred to in subsection 26(1) or 25(2) as a preliminary question, the Court may, on the application of a party to the arbitral proceedings (upon notice to the other parties), determine any question as to the substantive jurisdiction of the tribunal. A party may lose the right to object pursuant to section 11.(2) An application under this section shall not be considered unless (a) it is made with the agreement in writing of all the other parties to the proceedings, or (b) it is made with the permission of the tribunal and the court is satisfied that: (i) the determination of the question is likely to produce substantial savings in costs, (ii) the application was made without delay, and (iii) there is good reason why the matter should be decided by the Court.(3) An application under this section, unless made with the agreement of all the other parties to the proceedings, shall state the grounds on which it is said that the matter should be decided by the Court.(4) Subject to any agreement by the parties, while such a request is pending, the arbitral tribunal may stay the arbitral proceedings or continue the arbitral proceedings and make an award.(5) The decision of the Court on the question of jurisdiction shall be treated as a judgment of the Court. The decision of the Court shall not be subject to appeal.